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ERIC Number: ED002280
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Mar
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
VALUE OF PICTORIAL "EMBELLISHMENTS" IN A TAPE-SLIDE INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM.
BAKER, EVA L.; POPHAM, W. JAMES
THE REPORT OF A STUDY CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE WHETHER EMBELLISHED VISUAL SEGMENTS OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM WOULD HAVE MORE IMPACT ON THE LEARNER IN HIS EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO THE TOTAL STIMULUS SITUATION WAS PRESENTED. THE PROGRAM USED IN THE STUDY DEALT WITH THE TOPIC OF BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES. IT WAS DESIGNED TO TEACH PRESERVICE AND INSERVICE TEACHERS TO IDENTIFY PROPERLY STATED INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES AND TO CONVERT NONBEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES INTO THESE SPECIFIC TERMS. THE PROGRAM CONSISTED OF A TAPE-RECORDED NARRATION OF 25 MINUTES WHICH WAS ACCOMPANIED BY 36 2" BY 2" SLIDES. ONE SET OF SLIDES WAS PREPARED IN CARTOON FORM WITH COLOR AND INCLUDED HUMOROUS ILLUSTRATIONS IN ADDITION TO THE VERBAL CONTENT. THE OTHER SET CONSISTED OF THE SAME VERBAL MATERIAL BUT WITHOUT ADDITIONAL EMBELLISHMENTS. THE CRITERION MEASURES USED WERE--THE INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES PREFERENCES LIST (IOPL) WHICH MEASURED THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE STUDENT VALUED BEHAVIORALLY STATED OBJECTIVES THE STUDENTS' RESPONSES ON AN ANONYMOUSLY COMPLETED QUESTIONAIRE WHICH REQUIRED RATING THE STYLE OF PRESENTATION IN TERMS OF LEARNING, INTEREST, AND ENJOYMENT AND TWO TESTS OF KNOWLEDGE OF BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES. EACH GROUP WAS ASKED TO COMPLETE THE IOPL AND THE TWO KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATIONS. THE PROGRAM WAS THEN PRESENTED. HALF OF THE SUBJECTS SAW SLIDES WHICH CONTAINED PRINTED TITLES ONLY. THE OTHER HALF SAW THE EMBELLISHED VERSION. THE SAME TAPED NARRATION WAS PLAYED FOR ALL GROUPS. THE IOPL WAS ADMINISTERED AGAIN. THE RESULTS OF THE EXPERIMENT SHOWED THAT THE KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED BY PLAIN AND EMBELLISHED SEQUENCES WAS NOT SUBSTANTIAL, BUT RESPONSES TO EFFECTIVE MEASURES SIGNIFICANTLY FAVORED THE USE OF THE EMBELLISHED MATERIALS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE CALIFORNIA EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (SANTA ROSA, MARCH 12, 1965).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Santa Rosa)