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ERIC Number: ED002278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SET-LEARNING IN GIFTED HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS.
ENTWISLE, DORIS R.
TWO REPLICATIONS OF AN EXPERIMENT WERE CARRIED OUT WITH GIFTED (MEAN VERBAL IQ -- 127) 11TH GRADE STUDENTS IN A LARGE HIGH SCHOOL. THE MAIN PURPOSE WAS TO EXPLORE WHETHER "SET-LEARNING" MIGHT BE A MECHANISM OF LEARNING EMPLOYED TO A MARKED DEGREE BY GIFTED SECONDARY STUDENTS. CONTROL AND EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS WERE THE TWO TOP-ABILITY CLASSES IN TWO SUCCESSIVE 11TH GRADES. SEX REPRESENTATION AND IQ LEVELS WERE MATCHED. A TEST ON THE STATES-OF-ORIGIN OF U.S. SENATORS WAS THE CRITERION OF LEARNING. THE PRETEST LISTED 5 STATES FOLLOWING EACH SENATOR'S NAME. ALL SUBJECTS WERE GIVEN THE 96-ITEM TEST INITIALLY (PRETEST). FOLLOWING PRETESTING, THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WAS TRAINED ON PAIRS OF SENATORS FROM ONLY 12 STATES. TWO TRAINING SESSIONS WERE GIVEN TO THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP. A POST-TEST WAS THEN ADMINISTERED WHICH WAS IDENTICAL WITH THE PRETEST EXCEPT THAT THE PARTY AFFILIATIONS OF THE SENATORS WERE ADDED. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT STUDENTS IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WOULD LEARN MORE MATERIAL SIMILAR TO THE TYPE USED IN TRAINING, GIRLS WOULD MANIFEST SET-LEARNING TO A GREATER DEGREE THAN BOYS, AND SUBJECTS IN THE CONTROL GROUP WOULD TEND TO LEARN MATERIALS FOR WHICH THEY WERE UNTRAINED TO A STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT DEGREE, ALTHOUGH THE AMOUNT OF LEARNING WAS SMALL BY PRACTICAL STANDARDS. SET-LEARNING WAS NOT INDUCED IN BOYS BY THE PRESENT EXPERIMENT. IT DID NOT SEEM LIKELY FROM THIS EXPERIMENT THAT SET-LEARNING, VIEWED AS A SPECIAL LEARNING MECHANISM ESPECIALLY TYPICAL OF GIFTED STUDENTS, HAS GREAT PRACTICAL IMPORTANCE. FURTHER EXPLORATION OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SEX DIFFERENTIAL WAS INDICATED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers: Maryland (Baltimore)