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ERIC Number: ED002265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE TEACHING MACHINE.
KLEIN, CHARLES; WAYNE, ELLIS
THE ROLE OF THE TEACHING MACHINE IS COMPARED WITH THE ROLE OF THE PROGRAMED TEXTBOOK. THE TEACHING MACHINE IS USED FOR INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION, CONTAINS AND PRESENTS PROGRAM CONTENT IN STEPS, PROVIDES A MEANS WHEREBY THE STUDENT MAY RESPOND TO THE PROGRAM, PROVIDES THE STUDENT WITH IMMEDIATE INFORMATION OF SOME KIND CONCERNING HIS RESPONSE THAT CAN ACT AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL REINFORCEMENT, PRESENTS THE FRAMES OF THE PROGRAM INDIVIDUALLY, PRESENTS THE PROGRAM IN A PREDETERMINED SEQUENCE, AND IS CHEATPROOF. SOME ASPECTS OF MACHINES IN COMPARISON TO PROGRAMED TEXTBOOKS ARE--ATTENTION IS DIRECTED AND CONTROLLED TO A GREATER DEGREE THAN IS POSSIBLE WITH A BOOK, THE PRESENTATION AND SEQUENCE OF MATERIALS ARE CONTROLLED, CHEATING IS ELIMINATED, THE COST OF OPERATION IS LESS BECAUSE THE PROGRAMS ARE REUSABLE AND SEVERAL STUDENTS CAN WORK ON THE SAME PROGRAM AT THE SAME TIME, AND STUDENTS ENJOY WORKING WITH TEACHING MACHINES. THE USER OF A TEACHING MACHINE SHOULD CONSIDER AVAILABILITY OF PROGRAMED MATERIALS, RELIABILITY OF THE MACHINE, AND OPERATIONAL EASE. THE USE OF TEACHING MACHINES IN THE SCHOOL REQUIRES CONSIDERATIONS OF SCHEDULING, STORAGE, MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT, AND TRAINING FOR PROPER UTILIZATION. PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION ALLOWS TEACHERS MORE TIME FOR INDIVIDUAL NEEDS AND IMPROVES THE QUALITY OF INSTRUCTION. A TABLE ILLUSTRATES SEVERAL KINDS OF SCHOOL UTILIZATION OF THE MACHINE AND MATERIALS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A