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ERIC Number: ED002241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-May
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME EFFECTS OF DIFFERING DEGREES OF WRITTEN ACTIVITY IN A LINEAR PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION PACKAGE.
DRISKILL, WALTER E.; AND OTHERS
SEVERAL STUDIES ON THE QUESTION OF OVERT VERSUS COVERT RESPONSES WERE REVIEWED. OF THE 10 STUDIES DISCUSSED, FIVE SUPPORTED THE POSITION OF OVERT RESPONSE. THE OTHERS SHOWED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RESPONSE MODES EXCEPT THAT LEARNING EFFICIENCY WAS LOWER IN THE OVERT RESPONSE CONDITION IN COMPARISON WITH THE COVERT AND READING CONDITIONS. A STUDY CONCERNED WITH THE QUESTION OF OVERT AND COVERT RESPONSE IN TERMS OF DEGREES OF WRITTEN ACTIVITY WAS DESCRIBED. THE EFFECTS OF COVERT ACTIVITY UPON RETENTION, TIME COMPARISONS FOR EACH MODE PRESENTED, AND EFFECTS OF LOOKING AT CONFIRMATION RESPONSES BEFORE RESPONDING WERE INVESTIGATED. THE STUDY USED A 208-FRAME LINEAR PROGRAM ON COUNTERINSURGENCY (COIN). ALL CUES WERE REMOVED AFTER THE INITIAL RESPONSE. FOUR TREATMENT GROUPS WERE USED. THE BOOKLET GROUP STUDENTS HAD NO OPPORTUNITY TO LOOK AT THE CORRECT RESPONSES. THE ANSWER SHEET GROUP STUDENTS COULD LOOK AT THE CONFIRMING RESPONSE. THE CRITERION FRAMES GROUP STUDENTS WROTE RESPONSES IN CRITERION FRAMES ONLY. THE COVERT GROUP STUDENTS WERE NOT REQUIRED TO MAKE ANY WRITTEN RESPONSE. IMMEDIATE AND DELAYED RETENTION TESTS WERE ADMINISTERED, AND THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN THE MEAN SCORES ON THESE TESTS. RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE DEGREE OF STUDENT ACTIVITY WAS UNIMPORTANT. LEARNING LEVELS FOR VARIOUS DEGREES OF WRITTEN ACTIVITY WERE NOT SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT. LIMITED MOTOR ACTIVITY WAS MORE EFFICIENT THAN WRITTEN ACTIVITY IN TERMS OF TRAINING TIME AND ACHIEVEMENT.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lackland Military Training Center, Lackland AFB, TX.
Identifiers: Lackland Air Force Base TX