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ERIC Number: ED002171
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT ON NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT IN AUTOMATED TEACHING.
MELARAGNO, RALPH J.
AN EXPERIMENT TO COMPARE SPACED NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT, MASSED NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT, AND POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT IN AUTOMATED TEACHING IS DESCRIBED. THREE GROUPS OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN WERE USED IN THE STUDY. EACH GROUP WAS GIVEN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL CONTAINING AMBIGUOUS IMFORMATION INTERSPERSED AMONG MEANINGFUL INFORMATION. ONE GROUP RECEIVED A "CORRECT" SIGNAL REGARDLESS OF THE RESPONSE MADE. ANOTHER GROUP RECEIVED SOME INCORRECT SIGNALS, AND THE THIRD GROUP RECEIVED A SERIES OF "INCORRECT" SIGNALS. A CRITERION TEST WAS GIVEN TO THE THREE GROUPS. TEST RESULTS WERE EVALUATED. THE STUDENTS WHO RECEIVED NO OR FEW NEGATIVE RESPONSES LEARNED MORE THAN THOSE WHO RECEIVED MANY NEGATIVE REPONSES. SOME NEGATIVE SIGNALS MAY BE BENEFICIAL TO THE LEARNING PROCESS. TO MANY NEGATIVE SIGNALS HAD AN ADVERSE EFFECT UPON THE LEARNER. IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING MACHINE DESIGN AND BIBIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: California (Santa Monica)