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ERIC Number: ED002148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EARLY SCHOOL ADMISSION PROJECT.
JONES, EDGAR L.
CHILDREN FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES IN SUBSTANDARD OR OVERCROWDED INNER CITY DWELLINGS IN BALTIMORE WERE SELECTED FOR AN EXPERIMENTAL PRESCHOOL PROGRAM BECAUSE THEY TYPIFIED THE CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED YOUNGSTERS WHO COULD BE EXPECTED TO SUFFER FAILURE OR FRUSTRATION UPON PUBLIC SCHOOL ENTRY AT THE AGES OF FIVE OR SIX. CENTERS WERE OPENED IN 1963. DEVELOPMENT OF A POSITIVE SELF-CONCEPT WAS ONE OF THE MAJOR GOALS OF THIS EARLY ADMISSION PROGRAM. THE LIMITED EXPERIENCE AND VOCABULARIES WHICH YOUNGSTERS BROUGHT TO THE CENTERS REFLECTED THE PAUCITY OF PARENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO EARLY EDUCATION. A SENSORY-RICH ENVIRONMENT WAS PROVIDED TO AROUSE INTEREST, TO STIMULATE THINKING, AND TO PROVOKE QUESTIONS. THE TEACHERS WORKED TO STRENGTHEN THE PUPILS' VOCABULARY AND ENUNCIATION, THEIR DESCRIPTIVE POWERS, THEIR CONCEPTS OF COMPARISONS, THEIR ABILITY TO COUNT, THEIR AWARENESS OF A WIDER WORD, AND THEIR CAPACITY TO DISTINGUISH. POSTURE, BEHAVIOR, PERSONAL CLEANLINESS, AND SANITARY LIVING WERE STRESSED. TO INTRODUCE ORDERLINESS INTO PREVIOUSLY DISORGANIZED LIVES, A KEY TRAINING DEVICE WAS TEACHING YOUNGSTERS TO PUT THINGS BACK INTO PROPER PLACES. MATHERIALS AND EQUIPMENT WERE INTRODUCED GRADUALLY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR SO THAT YOUNGSTERS WITH FEW POSSESSIONS AT HOME WERE NOT OVERWHELMED BY AND SATIATED WITH TOO MUCH AT ONE TIME. THE SNACK AND LUNCH PERIODS WERE USED TO TEACH DESIRABLE EATING HABITS AND THE BENEFITS OF BALANCED DIETS. A VARIETY OF FOODS WERE SERVED AND CHILDREN WERE INSTRUCTED ON THE USE OF EATING UTENSILS. THE STAFF LISTED MEALS AS A MAJOR CONCERN BECAUSE MANY OF THE CHILDREN OFTEN REFUSED ANYTHING NEW AND PREFERRED TO SUBSIST ON SANDWICHES OR MILK. PARENTS WERE OCCASIONALLY INVITED TO JOIN THE CHILDREN FOR LUNCH AND OBSERVE THE PREPARATION AND SERVING OF THE MEAL AND GOOD EATING HABITS. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "SOUTHERN EDUCATION REPORT", JULY-AUGUST 1965.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: EARLY SCHOOL ADMISSIONS PROJECT; MARYLAND; Maryland (Baltimore)