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ERIC Number: ED002128
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Dec
Pages: 55
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BEHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT.
COOK, DONALD A.; MECHNER, FRANCIS
A BRIEF HISTORIC SURVEY WHICH PLACES PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN THE PROPER PERSPECTIVE RELATIVE TO BEHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY AS A WHOLE IS PRESENTED. BEHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY IS THE APPLICATION OF LEARNING THEORY TO PRACTICAL PROBLEMS OF TRAINING AND EDUCATION. THE APPLICATION OF BEHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY TO THE TEACHING OF CERTAIN VERBAL AND INTELLECTUAL SKILLS IS KNOWN AS "PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION." THE MAIN POINTS IN DEVELOPING A PROGRAM ARE--STAFF PERSONNEL INCLUDING SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS, BEHAVIOR ANALYSTS, PROGRAMERS, PROJECT ADMINISTRATORS, TEST SUBJECTS, PROGRAM EDITORS, TYPISTS, DRAFTSMEN, AND ILLUSTRATORS, THE SPECIFICATION OF OBJECTIVES, BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS, FRAME WRITING AND TESTING, AND THE ECONOMICS OF PROGRAM PRODUCTION. BEHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY SUGGESTS MANY GENERAL APPROACHES TO A MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. CURRENT ACTIVITY IN THE FIELD INCLUDES--PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN INDUSTRY FOR MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL, TECHNICAL SALES REPRESENTATIVES, ENGINEERS, AND COMPUTER PROGRAMERS, PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN THE MILITARY, THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR THE SCHOOLS, PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION FOR POST-GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION, AND PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN UNDERDEVELOPED AREAS. ISSUES IN THE USE AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION INCLUDE THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER, THE DEGREE OF DETERIORATION IN EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES, PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION AND TEACHER TRAINING, ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS, CENTRALIZATION OF CONTROL OF EDUCATION, QUALITY CONTROL, AND SOME PSEUDO-PROBLEMS. AREAS FOR RESEARCH INCLUDE LITERACY, TASK ANALYSIS, BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES, EVALUATION TECHNIQUES, THE TRAINING OF PROGRAM PRODUCTION TEAMS AND PROJECT MANAGERS, SCIENCE, MANIPULATIVE AND MECHANICAL SKILLS, AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION AND INSTALLATION, AND THE TEACHING OF LANGUAGES, SCIENCE, MANIPULATIVE AND MECHANICAL SKILLS, AND SOCIAL INTERACTION SKILLS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Basic Systems, Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)