NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED002114
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jan
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROGRAMMED LEARNING, A BACK DOOR TO EMPIRICISM IN ENGLISH STUDIES.
ROTHWELL, KENNETH S.
READING IS A HIGHLY INDIVIDUALIZED MATTER, AND EACH CHILD DIFFERS FROM EVERY OTHER IN HIS ABILITY TO READ. THE UNDERSTANDING TEACHER OF ANY GROUP OF CHILDREN RECOGNIZES THE WIDE DIFFERENCES IN READING ABILITY AND WORKS TO HELP EACH CHILD SUCCEED IN TERMS OF HIS CAPACITY. ONE OF THE MOST WIDELY USED METHODS OF TEACHING READING INVOLVES DIVIDING THE CLASS INTO THREE GROUPS BASED ON ABILITY. THIS PLAN, HOWEVER, OFTEN NEGATIVELY AFFECTS THE CHILDREN, ESPECIALLY THOSE IN THE "POOR" GROUP. SOME TEACHERS DIVIDE THEIR CLASSES INTO FIVE OR MORE GROUPS. IN THESE SITUATIONS THE GROUPS ARE ORGANIZED, NOT ON THE BASIS OF ABILITY, BUT ON THE BASIS OF A PURPOSE, A PROBLEM, OR A SPECIFIC NEED. SUCH A METHOD KEEPS THE GROUPS FLEXIBLE RATHER THAN FIXED. TEACHERS INTERESTED IN AN EVEN MORE PERSONALIZED METHOD ARE MOVING FROM USE OF MANY SMALL GROUPS TO AN INDIVIDUALIZED READING PROGRAM. CHILDREN BEING TAUGHT BY THIS METHOD ARE ENCOURAGED TO SELECT BOOKS FROM THEIR SCHOOL OR CLASSROOM LIBRARY. THEY WILL GENERALLY REJECT BOOKS THAT ARE TOO HARD, TOO EASY, OR LACKING IN APPEAL. THE PROGRAM ALSO INCLUDES READING QUIETLY AS INDIVIDUALS, READING TO EACH OTHER, LISTENING TO A STORY, OR READING POETRY ALOUD. THE INDIVIDUALIZED METHOD SHOULD NOT PRECLUDE ALL THE SHARED GROUP AND CLASS READING EXPERIENCES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Champaign)