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ERIC Number: ED002094
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE SPRINGFIELD RULING.
SWEENEY, GEORGE C.
CONCLUSIONS OF JUDGE SWEENEY'S REVIEW OF THE SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, RULING ARE PRESENTED. THERE WAS NO DELIBERATE INTENTION OF THE SCHOOL AUTHORITIES TO SEGREGATE THE SCHOOLS. SEGREGATION RESULTED FROM A RIGID ADHERENCE TO THE NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, WHICH HAD BEEN IN EFFECT SINCE THE LATTER PART OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY IN SPRINGFIELD. THE SCHOOLS WITH A MAJORITY OF NEGRO STUDENTS RANKED LOWEST IN ACHIEVEMENT RATING BASED ON THE IOWA TEST OF BASIC SKILLS. WHEN STUDENTS TRANSFERRED FROM THESE SCHOOLS, THEY HAD DIFFICULTY KEEPING UP WITH OTHER STUDENTS. HE ALSO STATED THAT RACIAL CONCENTRATION WAS AN EDUCATIONAL AS WELL AS A CONSTITUTIONAL PROBLEM. THEREFORE, THE SCHOOL SYSTEM SHOULD PRESENT A PLAN TO ELIMINATE AS MUCH RACIAL CONCENTRATION IN ITS ELEMENTARY AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS AS POSSIBLE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Iowa Tests of Basic Skills; MASSACHUSETTS; Massachusetts (Springfield)