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ERIC Number: ED002084
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Feb
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WHAT MORRISTOWN, NEW JERSEY, IS DOING ABOUT DESEGREGATION.
THE MORRISTOWN SCHOOL DISTRICT HAD FOUR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, GRADES K-8, AND A SINGLE HIGH SCHOOL. THERE WERE NO JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. ONE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, LAFAYETTE, HAD 95 PERCENT NEGRO POPULATION, AND THE OTHER THREE HAD FEWER THAN 10 PERCENT NEGROES EACH. THE EDUCATION AT LAFAYETTE SCHOOL WAS GENERALLY ACCEPTED AS INFERIOR TO THE OTHER SCHOOLS. THE PLAN FOR SCHOOL DESEGREGATION INVOLVED THE CONVERSION OF LAFAYETTE INTO A BADLY NEEDED JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL FOR SEVENTH- AND EIGHTH-GRADE STUDENTS. AN OPEN ENROLLMENT PLAN WITH ADJUSTMENTS FOR OVERCROWDING WOULD BE USED FOR DISTRIBUTING STUDENTS IN THE THREE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. BUS SERVICE WOULD BE PROVIDED FOR STUDENTS TRAVELING LONG DISTANCES. AN EFFORT WAS MADE IN MORRISTOWN TO PUT THE ISSUE BEFORE THE DISTRICT'S CITIZENS BEFORE A DECISION WAS MADE. ALTHOUGH THERE WAS SOME OPPOSITION, THE PLAN WAS DECIDED UPON AND CARRIED OUT. LAFAYETTE TEACHERS WERE ARBITRARILY DISTRIBUTED IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, AND SEVENTH- AND EIGHTH-GRADE TEACHERS MOVED TO THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. INSERVICE PROGRAMS PROVIDED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND CONSULTATION FOR PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN THE CHANGE. DESEGREGATION WAS ACHIEVED SUCCESSFULLY WITH NO MAJOR SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND IN AN ATMOSPHERE IN WHICH MINOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS COULD BE SMOOTHLY SOLVED. MORRISTOWN ALSO INITIATED A PRESCHOOL PROGRAM TO PROVIDE ENRICHMENT EXPERIENCES FOR DEPRIVED CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS, SO THAT THE CHILDREN MIGHT BETTER COMMUNICATE AND RELATE WITH OTHER CHILDREN WHEN THEY ENTERED KINDERGARTEN. THE PROGRAM INCLUDED STORY HOURS, PICTURE STUDY, OBSERVATION ROOM, TRAINING IN PERSONAL CLEANLINESS, AND ADULT EDUCATION. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM "SCHOOL MANAGEMENT," FEBRUARY 1962.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NEW JERSEY; New Jersey (Morristown)