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ERIC Number: ED002068
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jan-28
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A REPORT ON RACIAL INTEGRATION IN THE INDIANAPOLIS PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
OSTHEIMER, GEORGE F.
IN 1847 THE CITIZENS OF INDIANAPOLIS VOTED TO ESTABLISH A SYSTEM OF FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. AN ACT OF 1867 ESTABLISHED SEPARATE SCHOOLS FOR NEGRO AND WHITE PUPILS. THE LEGALITY OF THIS SEPARATE SCHOOLS PROCEDURE WAS TESTED AND UPHELD SEVERAL TIMES BY COURT DECISIONS. ON MARCH 8, 1949, THE INDIANA GENERAL ASSEMBLY PASSED A BILL OUTLAWING SEGREGATION IN SCHOOLS OF THE STATE. FOR 4 YEARS, SCHOOL ASSIGNMENTS FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS WERE BASED ON RESIDENTIAL AREAS, HIGH SCHOOLS FOLLOWED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DISTRICTS. IN 1952, DEFINITE SCHOOL BOUNDARIES WERE ESTABLISHED WITHOUT REGARD TO RACE. UNDER THE PRESENT POLICY, NO TRANSFERS ARE ISSUED TO ATTEND SCHOOLS OUTSIDE A STUDENT'S DISTRICT UNLESS THE STUDENT PREFERRING A TRANSFER COMPLETES AND FILES A SPECIFIC FORM AND MEETS ONE OF THE PARTICULAR CONDITIONS APPROVED IN THE OFFICIAL TRANSFER POLICY. TEACHERS IN THE INDIANAPOLIS SCHOOL SYSTEM ARE HIRED ON THE BASES OF TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, AND REFERENCES, NOT ON THE BASES OF RACE, CREED, OR POLITICS. PROMOTIONS TO ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPERVISORY POSITIONS ARE MADE ON THE BASIS OF MERIT AND, GENERALLY, FROM THE RANKS OF THE INDIANAPOLIS STAFF. SINCE 1949 THERE HAS BEEN A STEADY GROWTH IN THE NUMBER OF NEGRO TEACHERS ON THE STAFF. AS OF SEPTEMBER 1963, THERE WERE 136 NEGRO TEACHERS IN 27 SCHOOLS, MOST OF WHICH ENROLL PUPILS OF BOTH RACES. THERE ARE SOME SCHOOLS WHERE NEGRO TEACHERS ARE TEACHING ALL-WHITE CLASSES. ALTHOUGH THERE HAS BEEN NO OVERT ATTEMPT TO ADJUST THE RATIO OF NEGRO TO WHITE TEACHERS, STATISTICS REVEAL THAT THE PERCENTAGES ARE IN LINE WITH CENSUS FIGURES FOR THE WHOLE CITY POPULATION.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: INDIANA; Indiana (Indianapolis)