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ERIC Number: ED002066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FROM SCHOOL TO WORK--HIGHLIGHTS FROM A STUDY ON THE EARLY EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE OF YOUTH IN SEVEN COMMUNITIES, 1952-57.
PLUNKETT, MARGARET L.
THE TRENDS INDICATE THAT ABOUT 7.5 MILLION OF THE 26 MILLION YOUNG PEOPLE ENTERING THE LABOR FORCE DURING THE 1960'S WILL NOT HAVE COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL AND THAT 2.5 MILLION WILL NOT HAVE COMPLETED EVEN THE EIGHTH GRADE. THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE OF 16- AND 17-YEAR-OLDS WAS THE HIGHEST AMONG ALL AGE GROUPS AND RANGED FROM 11 TO 24 PERCENT DURING THE 1950'S. SIXTY-ONE PERCENT OF THE SCHOOL DROPOUTS WERE OF THIS AGE. ONLY 40 PERCENT OF THE DROPOUTS CONTINUED PAST THE EIGHTH GRADE. OVER 80 PERCENT WERE GRADE-RETARDED BY AT LEAST 1 YEAR, AND 50 PERCENT WERE GRADE-RETARDED BY AT LEAST 2 YEARS. TWENTY PERCENT, HOWEVER, DROPPED OUT IN THE 12TH GRADE WHEN THEY WERE PRESUMABLY WITHIN REACH OF GRADUATION. ABOUT THREE-FOURTHS OF THE GRADUATES AND TWO-THIRDS OF THE DROPOUTS HAD IQ'S IN THE NORMAL RANGE, BUT 31 PERCENT WERE BELOW NORMAL WHILE 6 PERCENT WERE ABOVE. MAJOR REASONS FOR DROPPING OUT FOR BOTH BOYS AND GIRLS WERE ADVERSE SCHOOL EXPERIENCES AND THE ACCEPTANCE OF A JOB. 27 PERCENT OF THE GIRLS WERE MARRIED. AT THE TIME OF THE STUDIES, 15 PERCENT MORE DROPOUTS WERE MARRIED THAN GRADUATES. ABOUT THREE-FOURTHS OF THE MALES FOUND JOBS QUICKLY. HOWEVER, 10 PERCENT OF THE MALE DROPOUTS AS COMPARED WITH 5 PERCENT OF THE MALE GRADUATES HAD TO JOB HUNT FOR 14 WEEKS OR LONGER. THE MAJORITY OF THE MALES WERE EMPLOYED IN SKILLED, SEMISKILLED, AND UNSKILLED WORK. ALMOST 50 PERCENT OF THE GRADUATES WORKED IN THE SKILLED AND SEMISKILLED FIELDS AS COMPARED WITH 36 PERCENT OF THE DROPOUTS. EIGHTEEN PERCENT OF THE GRADUATES AND 35 PERCENT OF THE DROPOUTS WERE EMPLOYED IN UNSKILLED JOBS. SEVENTY-TWO PERCENT OF THE FEMALE GRADUATES WERE EMPLOYED IN OFFICE WORK, WHILE 37 PERCENT OF THE FEMALE DROPOUTS WORKED IN UNSKILLED JOBS. FEMALES TENDED TO EARN LESS THAN MALES, AND GRADUATES AVERAGED FROM $10 TO $30 MORE PER WEEK. THE AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE WAS OVER 20 PERCENT FOR BOY DROPOUTS AS COMPARED WITH ABOUT 6 PERCENT FOR GRADUATE MEN AND WOMEN. FEMALE DROPOUTS HAD HIGHER UNEMPLOYMENT RATES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA