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ERIC Number: ED002059
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Sep
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE ALLEN REPORT ON NEW YORK CITY SCHOOLS.
AN EVALUATION OF PAST AND PRESENT PROGRAMS FOR ETHNIC DESEGREGATION, ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH PUBLIC SCHOOLS, AND PROPOSALS FOR FURTHER STEPS TO THAT END ARE PRESENTED. IN 1954, STEPS WERE TAKEN TO ANALYZE THE RACIAL MIXTURE OF THE SCHOOLS, BY 1958 A COMMITTEE RECOMMENDED ZONING, SITE SELECTION AND CONSTRUCTION, AND PUPIL REDISTRIBUTION TO IMPROVE RACIAL BALANCE. ONLY THE FIRST TWO WERE IMPLEMENTED IN SOME WAY. IN 1963 AN OPEN ENROLLMENT PROGRAM ALLOWED CHILDREN FROM CROWDED SEGREGATED SCHOOLS TO TRAVEL BY BUS TO LESS CROWDED MIXED SCHOOLS, HOWEVER, OPEN ENROLLMENT HAS HAD NO SIGNIFICANT EFFECT ON THE EXTENT OF DE FACTO SEGREGATION. THE SCHOOL BOARD MADE ABOUT 100 CHANGES IN ZONING BUT PERMITTED MORE THAN 600 EXCEPTIONS FOR HIGH SCHOOL ATTENDANCE. DESPITE THESE EFFORTS, SEGREGATION, CITY WIDE, HAS NOT BEEN REDUCED. PLANNED EFFORTS INCLUDE A FREE CHOICE TRANSFER POLICY, GREATER INTEGRATION OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS, AND THE PAIRING OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS FOR RACIAL MIXTURE. IT WAS RECOMMENDED THAT LARGE HIGH SCHOOLS BE PLANNED FOR THE WHITE NEIGHBORHOODS SOON TO BE INTEGRATED. THESE SCHOOLS WOULD USE OPEN ENROLLMENT PROGRAMS AND WOULD ABSORB NINTH-GRADE STUDENTS FROM JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. TO EXTEND THE PROCESS TO LOWER GRADES, NEW MIDDLE SCHOOLS FOR GRADES 5-8, FED BY ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS OF DIFFERENT RACES, WOULD REPLACE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. PRIMARY SCHOOLS INCLUDING PREKINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE 4 WOULD BE ORGANIZED ON A SMALL NEIGHBORHOOD BASIS AND USE OF NONGRADED ORGANIZATION. WHERE POSSIBLE, EDUCATIONAL COMPLEXES OR PRIMARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS WOULD BE FORMED. EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR STAFF ADVANCEMENT AND RECRUITMENT ARE ESSENTIAL, AND TEACHERS SHOULD BE TRAINED ESPECIALLY FOR URBAN SCHOOLS. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN "INTEGRATED EDUCATION," VOLUME 2, SEPTEMBER 1964.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ALLEN REPORT; ILLINOIS; Illinois (Chicago); NEW YORK; New York (New York)