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ERIC Number: ED002049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Dec
Pages: 77
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION IN MILWAUKEE.
GIBSON, MORGAN; AND OTHERS
ALTHOUGH SEGREGATION IS LEGALLY WRONG, IT IS STILL MAINTAINED IN A DE FACTO SENSE BY DISCRIMINATORY HOUSING. A GROUP OF MILWAUKEE SOCIAL SCIENTISTS STATED THAT THIS DE FACTO SEGREGATION IN THE URBAN AREAS HURTS EDUCATION IN THESE WAS--(1) IT UNDERMINES THE MORALE OF ONE GROUP WHILE PERPETUATING THE PREJUDICE OF THE OTHER, (2) SCHOOLS IN MINORITY AREAS ARE ALMOST INVARIABLY IN POOR CONDITION AND WITH THE LEAST EXPERIENCED STAFFS, AND (3) THE NEGRO CHILD LOSES HIS ASPIRATIONS FROM A FEELING OF BEING CUT OFF FROM SOCIETY AND SET APART WITH FEW OPPORTUNITIES. IT HAS BEEN SHOWN THAT WHITE GIRLS WHO ATTENDED AN INTEGRATED SCHOOL WERE MORE OPEN AND LESS CATEGORICAL IN THEIR ATTITUDES TOWARDS NEGROES THAN GIRLS FROM ALL-WHITE SCHOOLS. A STATISTICAL ESTIMATE SHOWS MANY SCHOOLS IN MILWAUKEE TO HAVE A HEAVY RACIAL IMBALANCE. THESE SEGREGATED SCHOOLS HAVE CAUSED A GREAT DEAL OF RETARDATION AND DROPOUT AMONG NONWHITE STUDENTS. MILWAUKEE MAINTAINS SUCH POLICIES AS NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOLS, SCHOOL BUILDING PLANS, ZONING, HIRING NEGROES ONLY FOR PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO SCHOOLS, AND SEGREGATED TRANSFERS WHICH INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF DE FACTO SEGREGATION. THE NAACP DEMANDS THAT ACTION BE TAKEN TO INTEGRATE THE MILWAUKEE SCHOOLS. SOME POLICIES WHICH COULD BE USED ARE REZONING TO ACHIEVE INTEGRATION, REORGANIZING THE SCHOOLS TO EXTEND AREAS REACHED BY THEM, CHANGING FEEDER PATTERNS OF ELEMENTARY TO SECONDARY SCHOOLS, AND CAREFULLY SELECTING SITES OF NEW SCHOOLS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Milwaukee, WI. Wisconsin Conference.
Identifiers: Wisconsin (Milwaukee)