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ERIC Number: ED002031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Sep
Pages: 94
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SPECIAL REPORT--SOUTHERN REGIONAL COUNCIL.
WATTERS, PAT
BRUNSWICK, GEORGIA, IS A COASTAL CITY OF THE DEEP SOUTH. IT IS 174 MILES FROM ALBANY WHERE THOUSANDS OF NEGROES MARCHED TO JAIL IN THE SUMMER OF 1962 PROTESTING INTOLERABLE CONDITIONS. AT THE SAME TIME BRUNSWICK WAS QUIETLY NEGOTIATING THE DESEGREGATION OF ITS LUNCH COUNTERS. WHILE RACIAL TENSION BROKE OUT IN OTHER NEIGHBORING COMMUNITIES, BRUNSWICK ALSO SUCCEEDED IN DESEGREGATING CITY AND COUNTY RECREATIONAL FACILITIES, NEGOTIATING THE FIRST VOLUNTARY SCHOOL DESEGREGATION IN THE DEEP SOUTH, AND MAKING HEADWAY ON CIVIL RIGHTS LAW COMPLIANCE, INCLUDING HOSPITAL DESEGREGATION. RACIAL RAPPROCHEMENTS WERE ACHIEVED IN BRUNSWICK BEFORE THE SUMMER OF 1964 WITHOUT A SINGLE STREET DEMONSTRATION OR BOYCOTT, AND WITHOUT A LAW SUIT INSTIGATED BY NEGROES. BRUNSWICK'S SUCCESS IN RECOUNCILING IDEAS AND ISSUES HAS BEEN SPECIFICALLY ATTRIBUTABLE TO THREE FACTORS. FIRST, THERE HAVE BEEN A REALISTIC RECOGNITION, ON BOTH SIDES, OF ENMITIES AND PREJUDICES AND AN UNSHAKABLE DESIRE TO AVOID NOTORIETY IN RACE RELATIONS. THE EXISTENCE OF A BIRACIAL COMMITTEE THROUGH WHICH CHANGE MIGHT BE EFFECTIVELY AND ACCEPTABLY CHANNELED IS A SECOND IMPORTANT FACTOR. FINALLY, THE PUSHING OF ASPIRATIONS BY THE REV. JULIUS CAESAR HOPE AND ASSOCIATED NEGRO LEADERS THROUGH A CONCERTED STRATEGY HAS KEPT DEMONSTRATIONS, BOYCOTTS, COURT SUITS, AND THE LIKE FROM BEING EMPLOYED AND HAS, AT THE SAME TIME, KEPT THESE EFFECTIVE WEAPONS POISED AND READY FOR USE IF THE NEED ARISES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.
Identifiers: Georgia (Atlanta)