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ERIC Number: ED002023
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Aug
Pages: 103
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CIVIL RIGHTS U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOLS CITIES IN THE NORTH AND WEST 1962--NEW ROCHELLE, A REPORT TO THE U.S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS.
KAPLAN, JOHN
THE PROBLEM IN THE NEW ROCHELLE COMMUNITY WAS ONE THAT ALLOWED SEGREGATED SCHOOLS TO EXIST THROUGH THE "NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOL" POLICY, WHERE CHILDREN WERE FORCED TO ATTEND THE SCHOOL IN THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD. THE COMPLAINT ALSO STATED THAT THE LINCOLN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, UNDER QUESTION, WAS ATTENDED ONLY BY NEGRO CHILDREN, THAT THE TEACHING WAS INFERIOR, THAT THE CURRICULUM WAS INFERIOR, AND THAT THE CHILDREN, AS A RESULT OF THE EXISTING SITUATION, WERE RECEIVING AN EDUCATION BELOW THAT OF THE REST OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN. AFTER THE HEARING, THE JUDGE DECIDED IN FAVOR OF THE NEGRO CASE. HE CLAIMED THAT THE SCHOOL BOARD WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR GERRYMANDERING THE LINCOLN DISTRICT SO THAT WHITE CHILDREN WOULD BE SENT TO THE OTHER ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. THE PLAN THAT JUDGE KAUFMAN ACCEPTED WOULD ALLOW ANY PUPIL ATTENDING THE LINCOLN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TO TRANSFER TO ANY OTHER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN NEW ROCHELLE. STIPULATIONS INCLUDED THAT THERE BE A PLACE WAITING FOR THE CHILD WHO WISHED TO TRANSFER, THAT HE BE RECOMMENDED TO TRANSFER, AND THAT PERMISSION BE GRANTED ON A YEARLY BASIS. AN APPEAL WAS GRANTED IN FAVOR OF THE ORIGINAL DECISION. THE OUTCOME OF THE PLAN SHOWED NO ADMINISTRATIVE CHAOS, AS WAS EXPECTED, BUT RATHER AN INCREASE IN STIMULATION OF THE CHILDREN WHO DID TRANSFER. THE PERCENTAGE OF NEGROES IN LINCOLN DROPPED FROM 94 TO 88.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Chicago); New York (New Rochelle)