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ERIC Number: ED002018
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jul
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CIVIL RIGHTS U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOL--SOUTHERN STATES, 1962, KENTUCKY.
KNOWLES, LAURENCE W.
DESEGREGATION OF KENTUCKY SCHOOLS BEGAN IN 1955 WITH A FEW SCATTERED DISTRICTS. THE MAJOR STEP CAME IN 1956, WHEN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF LOUISVILLE WERE OPENED TO ALL CHILDREN WITHOUT REGARD TO RACE. SINCE 1956, THERE HAS BEEN STEADY, ALTHOUGH MEASURED, PROGRESS IN SCHOOL DESEGREGATION. IN 1962 ABOUT HALF OF KENTUCKY'S NEGRO STUDENTS ATTENDED ALL-NEGRO SCHOOLS. NO OFFICIAL ACTION MAINTAINS SEGREGATION. WHERE THERE HAS BEEN OFFICIAL ACTION, THE PATTERNS OF SEGREGATION RANGE THE WHOLE BREADTH OF THE SEGREGATION-DESEGREGATION SPECTRUM. THE POLICIES OF LOUISVILLE AND JEFFERSON COUNTY ARE CONSIDERED SEPARATELY IN THE REPORT, BECAUSE THEY CONTAIN A MAJOR PORTION OF THE NEGRO POPULATION IN KENTUCKY. THERE ARE SEVERAL DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF DESEGREGATION FOLLOWED IN KENTUCKY SCHOOL DISTRICTS. SOME DISTRICTS HAVE SEGREGATED THEIR HIGH SCHOOLS BUT STILL MAINTAIN THEIR SEGREGATED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SYSTEMS. OTHERS HAVE DESEGREGATED THEIR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, BUT SEND NEGRO HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TO A PUBLIC NEGRO BOARDING SCHOOL. STILL OTHER PLANS MAINTAIN SEPARATE SYSTEMS FOR NEGROES AND WHITES, BUT ALLOW NEGROES TO TRANSFER TO A WHITE SCHOOL. A FEW DISTRICTS FORBID ANY NEGRO CHILD TO ATTEND SCHOOL WITH A WHITE CHILD. WHILE MOST COMMUNITIES HAVE MOVED FROM A FIRM RESISTANCE TO AN ACCEPTANCE OF DESEGREGATION AS INEVITABLE, SEGREGATION STILL EXISTS. THE PROBLEM REMAINS OF FINDING SOMEONE TO INITIATE DESEGREGATION ACTIVITY. THE LOCAL SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, NEGRO PARENTS AND COMMUNITY LEADERS, AND NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR SECURING NEGRO RIGHTS HAVE FAILED TO ASSUME THIS LEADERSHIP ROLE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; KENTUCKY; Kentucky (Jefferson County); Kentucky (Louisville); United States (South)