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ERIC Number: ED002004
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1952
Pages: 78
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ROLE PLAYING THE PROBLEM STORY, AN APPROACH TO HUMAN RELATIONS IN THE CLASSROOM.
SHAFTEL, FANNIE R.; SHAFTEL, GEORGE
AN AID TO THE CLASSROOM TEACHER IN THE TEACHING OF HUMAN RELATIONS IS PRESENTED. SOCIODRAMA, OR ROLE-PLAYING, IS PRIMARILY USEFUL IN SOLVING PROBLEMS INVOLVING RELATIONSHIPS AMONG TWO OR MORE PERSONS. IT THEREFORE PROVIDES A VALUABLE LEARNING EXPERIENCE IN SCHOOLS WHICH ARE CONCERNED WITH THE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF BOYS AND GIRLS, WITH MORAL AND SPIRITUAL EDUCATION, WITH HELPING CHILDREN ACHIEVE THEIR DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS, AND WITH THE PERSONAL-SOCIAL NEEDS OF THEIR PUPILS. IT IS OFTEN EASIER FOR CHILDREN TO SOLVE THEIR OWN PROBLEMS IF THEY CAN STAND OFF AND LOOK AT THEM THROUGH THE EYES OF SOMEONE ELSE. ALSO, ROLE-PLAYING PROVIDES AN OPPORTUNITY FOR PERSONS TO EXPERIMENT WITH BETTER WAYS OF DEALING WITH SITUATIONS. THE METHOD PRESENTED HAS THE TEACHER READ ALOUD TO HER PUPILS CAREFULLY STRUCTURED STORY OF A TYPICAL LIFE-SITUATION OF CHILDHOOD. THE STORY HAS NO ENDING, BUT TERMINATES IN A DILEMMA PEAK. THE LISTENING CHILDREN ARE THEN ENCOURAGED TO FINISH THE STORY, AS THEY THOUGHT IT WOULD END, IN ROLE-PLAYING SESSIONS. THE STEPS THE TEACHER SHOULD USE INCLUDE ACQUAINTING THE CHILDREN WITH THE PROBLEM AT HAND, SELECTING THE PARTICIPANTS, PREPARING THE AUDIENCE TO OBSERVE ALERTLY, ROLE-PLAYING, DISCUSSING, AND EVALUATING, REPLAYING THE REVISED ROLES, AND SHARING EXPERIENCES AND GENERALIZING. THE PLACE OF ROLE-PLAYING IN THE CURRICULUM IS IMPORTANT, FOR ONLY AFTER CHILDREN HAVE LEARNED TO MEET THEIR OWN INTERPERSONAL PROBLEMS ARE THEY READY TO IDENTIFY WITH, AND TO ATTEMPT TO RESOLVE, THOSE PROBLEMS IN INTERGROUP EDUCATION WHICH ARE NOT DIRECTLY PERTINENT TO THEIR IMMEDIATE LIFE-SITUATIONS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Conference of Christians and Jews, New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)