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ERIC Number: ED001952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Aug
Pages: 217
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CIVIL RIGHTS, U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOLS--SOUTHERN STATES 1962, VIRGINIA.
MEARNS, EDWARD A. JR.
A STUDY OF THE PROCESS OF DESEGREGATION IN VIRGINIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHOWS THAT IN QUESTIONS OF EQUAL PROTECTION THERE ARE MANY VIRGINIAS, NOT JUST ONE. THEREFORE, THE REPORT CONSISTS OF STUDIES OF PARTICULAR COMMUNITIES AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCES WITH DESEGREGATED SCHOOLS. THE RELEVANT BACKGROUND INFORMATION, THE SPECIFIC PATTERN FOR DESEGREGATION INCLUDING PUPIL PLACEMENT, TUITION GRANTS, AND THE SPECIAL PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY EACH DISTRICT ARE DISCUSSED. ALL OF THE COMMUNITIES CHOSEN FOR STUDY HAVE HAD SOME DEGREE OF DESEGREGATION IN THEIR SCHOOLS. NORTHERN VIRGINIA, COMPOSED OF ARLINGTON, ALEXANDRIA, FAIRFAX, AND FALLS CHURCH, IS A DENSELY POPULATED AREA WITH PROPORTIONATELY FEW NEGRO RESIDENTS. THIS AREA IS MORE LIBERAL ON THE CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUE THAN THE REST OF THE STATE AND HAS HAD A GREATER CAPACITY TO ACCEPT DESEGREGATION. NORFOLK IS VIRGINIA'S LARGEST CITY AND HAS A CONSIDERABLE NEGRO POPULATION. IN SPITE OF A LACK OF COMMUNICATION AND UNDERSTANDING OF ITS NEGRO COMMUNITY, NORFOLK IS MORE FORWARD-LOOKING, MORE FLEXIBLE, AND LESS SELF-CONSCIOUS THAN MANY OTHER VIRGINIA CITIES. RICHMOND, VIRGINIA'S CAPITAL AND SECOND LARGEST CITY, HAS THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE OF NONWHITE CITIZENS IN ANY MAJOR CITY OF THE STATE. ANXIETY OVER THE SIZE OF ITS NEGRO POPULATION HAS BEEN ONE OF ITS MAJOR PROBLEMS. CHARLOTTESVILLE HAS AN AVERAGE VIRGINIA RATIO OF NEGROES TO WHITES AND HAS HAD A RATHER CALM DESEGREGATION. WARREN COUNTY IS THE SMALLEST AREA STUDIED. ITS MAJOR PROBLEM IS A SPLIT IN THE WHITE COMMUNITY OVER THE TUITION-GRANT PROGRAM. THE TWO GENERAL CONCLUSIONS ARE THAT THE PACE OF VIRGINIA'S DESEGREGATION HAS BEEN SLOW AND THAT NEGRO EDUCATION IN NEGRO SCHOOLS IS NOT EQUAL TO EDUCATION FOR WHITES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; Richmond Public Schools VA; VIRGINIA; Virginia (Norfolk)