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ERIC Number: ED001946
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
IF THE SCHOOLS ARE CLOSED, A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PRIVATE SCHOOL PLAN.
GAUERKE, WARREN E.; GREEN, DONALD R.
UNDERLYING THE DISCUSSION OF SHIFTING FROM A PUBLIC TO A PRIVATE SCHOOL BASE IN AN EFFORT TO AVOID DESEGREGATION ARE CERTAIN VALUES AND PRINCIPLES--MORAL, POLITICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL. THE FIRST PRINCIPLE IS THAT, IN A DEMOCRACY, THERE ARE NO SUPERIOR PERSONS DUE TO CLASS OR ETHNIC DISTINCTIONS. THE SECOND IS THAT THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES AS INTERPRETED BY THE COURTS IS THE LAW OF THE LAND AND MUST BE RESPECTED. THIRD, IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE STATE IS THE KEY TO EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN AMERICA, EDUCATION IS BASICALLY A STATE RESPONSIBILITY RATHER THAN A LOCAL OBLIGATION. THE KEY TO THE SYSTEM OF PUBLIC EDUCATION IS THE RIGHT TO TAX FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND TO COMPEL CITIZENS TO PAY TAXES. FINALLY, PUBLIC FUNDS AND PROPERTY MUST BE APPROPRIATED OR USED SOLELY FOR THE BENEFIT OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS, NOT FOR THE AID OF ANY PRIVATE, PAROCHIAL, OR SECTARIAN SCHOOL. THIS CONSIDERATION INVOLVES THE PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE. THE FACTS DEMONSTRATE THAT A SYSTEM OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS, IN A MIXED SOCIETY SUCH AS EXISTS IN MUCH OF THE SOUTH, IS UNWORKABLE--LEGALLY, SOCIALLY, AND ECONOMICALLY. AMONG THE PRACTICAL OBSTACLES TO A TUITION GRANT PROGRAM FOR PRIVATE SCHOOLS ARE--FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES ARISING FROM LOSS OF FEDERAL FUNDS AND FUNDS FROM MANY OTHER SOURCES, LOSS OF VARIETY IN THE PROGRAMS OFFERED STUDENTS, THE PROBLEM OF ACCREDITATION STANDARDS, THE PROBLEM OF DECIDING WHERE RESPONSIBILITY REGARDING SCHOOL POLICIES WILL LIE, AND THE UNAVAILABILITY OF PROFESSIONAL HELP OF STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS TO SOLVE PROBLEMS OF SCHOOL ORGANIZATION. IF A TUITION-GRANT SYSTEM REPLACES PUBLIC EDUCATION, THE COST OF EDUCATION WILL INCREASE TREMENDOUSLY. AT PRESENT SCHOOL BUDGETS, THOUSANDS OF CHILDREN WOULD BE DENIED SCHOOLING. ALL BUT A FEW WOULD GET MARKEDLY INFERIOR EDUCATION.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.
Identifiers: Georgia (Atlanta)