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ERIC Number: ED001945
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NEGRO AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SOUTH, THE SECOND OF A SERIES OF EMPLOYMENT STUDIES IN SOUTHERN CITIES.
JONES, MAJOR J.; AND OTHERS
STATISTICS REVEALED THAT 65 PERCENT OF A LOCAL NEGRO HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATING CLASS SOUGHT OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPLOYMENT OUTSIDE OF CHATTANOOGA. IT IS INDICATED THAT, IN THE AREA, DISCRIMINATION WAS PRACTICED AGAINST THE NEGRO LONG BEFORE HE FILED HIS FIRST JOB APPLICATION. AN ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES REVEALED THAT EQUAL TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SCHOOLS WERE DENIED, AND WHEN A NEGRO SOUGHT A SKILLED JOB, HE WAS REJECTED BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE TRAINING. IF HE DID ACQUIRE TRADE SKILLS, HE WAS BARRED FROM MOST TRADE UNIONS AND APPRENTICE PROGRAMS. ALMOST WITHOUT EXCEPTION INDUSTRIES WITH FEDERAL CONTRACTS FILLED THEIR REQUIRED NEGRO QUOTA AT THE LOWEST LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT. LOCAL CUSTOM ACTED AS A BRAKE ON THE FEW WHITE EMPLOYERS WHO MIGHT HAVE DESIRED TO UPGRADE NEGRO EMPLOYEES. NEGRO YOUTHS WERE TRAINED ONLY IN FIELDS CURRENTLY OPEN TO THEM ON THE LABOR MARKET. THIS LACK OF ACCESSIBILITY TO AN OPEN JOB MARKET NEGATIVELY AFFECTED BOTH STUDENTS AND TEACHERS. NEGRO LEADERS CHARGED THAT VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE PROGRAMS WERE GEARED MORE TOWARD DISCIPLINING DELINQUENTS THAN COUNSELING TOWARD VOCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES. IN PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT, JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE NEGRO WERE BRIGHTER, BUT IMPROVEMENTS WERE MADE. DISCRIMINATION WAS ALSO FOUND AT THE PROFESSIONAL LEVEL. DOCTORS WERE BARRED FROM MEMBERSHIP IN THE LOCAL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION AND COULD NOT PRACTICE IN THE CITY'S TWO MAJOR HOSPITALS. TEACHERS HAD NO EDUCATIONAL OUTLET AND WERE REQUIRED TO TRAVEL AT LEAST 100 MILES FOR ADVANCED WORK. THE ONE NEGRO LAWYER FELT THAT HE WAS HANDICAPPED IN HIS PRACTICE BY A FEELING WITHIN THE COMMUNITY THAT A WHITE LAWYER COULD HANDLE A CASE MORE EFFECTIVELY IN AN ALL-WHITE COURTROOM. A FEW INSTANCES OF JOB BREAKTHOUGH WERE CITED--A FLOWER DESIGNER, A MAIL-ORDER CLERK, AN AUTOMOBILE SALESMAN, AND A VARIETY STORE CLERK.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.
Identifiers: Tennessee (Chattanooga); United States (South)