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ERIC Number: ED001942
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Mar
Pages: 93
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CIVIL RIGHTS, U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOLS--CITIES IN THE NORTH AND WEST, 1963, BUFFALO.
ALEXANDER, GEORGE J.
A SURVEY TAKEN BY THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION REVEALED THAT THE SCHOOLS OF BUFFALO WERE HIGHLY SEGREGATED. OF THE 19 SCHOOLS THAT CONTAINED MORE THAN 30 PERCENT NEGROES AND PUERTO RICANS, 14 HAD OVER 90 PERCENT. THERE WAS NO DIRECTIVE FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AS TO WHAT, IF ANYTHING, OUGHT TO BE DONE ABOUT THESE DISCLOSURES. THE LOCAL NAACP PRESENTED A STATEMENT TO THE LOCAL BOARD OF EDUCATION DISCUSSING SCHOOL SEGREGATION CASES, SUMMARIZING THE STATE SURVEY, AND STATING THAT THE DE FACTO SEGREGATION OF THE BUFFALO SCHOOLS WAS IN VIOLATION OF THE SPIRIT OF THOSE CASES. THE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS FELT THAT SCHOOL SEGREGATION IS NOT A RESULT OF SCHOOL POLICY BUT OF HOUSING PATTERNS, AND THAT SCHOOL ZONE LINES WERE NOT USED TO ESTABLISH SEGREGATION. QUESTIONS WERE RAISED AS TO WHETHER CERTAIN AREAS OF OPTIONAL SCHOOL CHOICE IN ZONES BETWEEN SCHOOLS WERE A DELIBERATE ATTEMPT AT SCHOOL SEGREGATION. THERE HAS BEEN DISCUSSION AMONG COMMUNITY LEADERS CONCERNING THE LARGE CONCENTRATION OF NEGRO TEACHERS AND TEMPORARY TEACHERS IN NEGRO SCHOOLS. SOME NEGRO STUDENTS SEEM TO HAVE MORE EDUCATIONAL ADVANTAGES, THROUGH SPECIAL PROGRAMS, THAN STUDENTS OUTSIDE THE NEGRO HOUSING AREA, BUT THE LARGE PROPORTION APPEARS TO BE GETTING LESS. THE BUFFALO SITUATION IS TYPICAL OF THE SITUATIONS FACED IN MANY NORTHERN AND WESTERN CITIES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (Buffalo); New York (Syracuse)