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ERIC Number: ED001922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Feb
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FACULTY IN WHITE AND NEGRO COLLEGES.
HUYCK, EARL R.; WRIGHT, PATRICIA S.
ACCORDING TO A NATIONAL SURVEY OF TEACHING FACULTY CONDUCTED BY THE U.S. OFFICE OF EDUCATION IN 1963, THERE ARE STRIKING DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FACULTY EMPLOYED BY INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION ATTENDED PREDOMINANTLY BY WHITE STUDENTS AND THOSE ATTENDED PREDOMINANTLY BY NEGRO STUDENTS. NEGRO INSTITUTIONS IN 1962-63 COMPRISED ONLY 6 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL NUMBER. ALTHOUGH THE NUMBER OF NEGRO INSTITUTIONS AND FACULTY MEMBERS IS INCREASING, GROWTH IS NOT AS GREAT AS IT IS FOR ALL INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION. SCHOOLS OF HIGHER EDUCATION WITH PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO STUDENTS GENERALLY ARE SMALL AND ARE LOCATED IN THE SOUTHEAST. ONLY 76 OF THE TOTAL 105 NEGRO INSTITUTIONS ARE ACCREDITED, AND MANY OF THESE ONLY CONDITIONALLY. THE CORE OF ACCREDITED COLLEGES CONSISTS OF TWO GROUPS--ABOUT 27 COLLEGES SUPPORTED BY STATES, AND 32 CHURCH-SUPPORTED OR PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS. FACULTY IN NEGRO INSTITUTIONS HAVE MARKEDLY LOWER RANKS THAN THEIR COMPARABLE NUMBERS IN WHITE SCHOOLS. ASSISTANT, ASSOCIATE, AND FULL PROFESSORSHIPS WERE HELD BY 71 PERCENT OF NEGRO FACULTY MEMBERS AS COMPARED WITH 80 PERCENT IN WHITE INSTITUTIONS. FIFTY-ONE PERCENT OF THE FACULTY IN WHITE SCHOOLS HAVE EARNED A PH.D., ED.D., OR EQUIVALENT, COMPARED WITH 28 PERCENT IN NEGRO INSTITUTIONS. HIGHER PROPORTIONS OF WHITE TEACHERS ARE FOUND IN AREAS OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, MATHEMATICS, AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, NEGRO TEACHERS ARE PROPORTIONATELY HIGHER IN AREAS OF EDUCATION, ENGLISH, HOME ECONOMICS, AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION. THE PROPORTION OF WOMEN EMPLOYED BY NEGRO INSTITUTIONS IS TWICE AS HIGH AS THAT IN WHITE SCHOOLS. IN TERMS OF 1962-63 MEDIAN SALARIES, NEGRO INSTITUTIONS PAID $1,547 LESS THAN WHITE INSTITUTIONS FOR 9- TO 10-MONTH CONTRACTS. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM "INDICATORS," FEBRURAY 1965.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA