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ERIC Number: ED001914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Jun
Pages: 146
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ROLE OF THE TEACHER AND OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE. STUDIES IN THE ROLE OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER, VOLUME 4.
BIDDLE, BRUCE J.; AND OTHERS
ONE OF A SERIES OF STUDIES PERTAINING TO ROLE THEORY, THE ROLE OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER, AND THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN TEACHER ROLE AND THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHER RECRUITMENT, THE INVESTIGATION EXAMINES DIFFERENCES IN TEACHER ROLES AS PERCEIVED BY TEACHERS, COLLEGE EDUCATION MAJORS, AND COLLEGE STUDENTS MAJORING IN OTHER FIELDS. IT IS ASSUMED THAT OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE IS MOST OFTEN MADE BECAUSE OF ROLE CONCEPTS. NEED FOR TEACHERS REQUIRES AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE DYNAMICS OF OCCUPATIONAL SELECTION TO ASSIST IN RECRUITMENT. QUESTIONNAIRE FORMS WERE USED TO ELICIT POSITIVE NORMS, NEGATIVE NORMS, AND EXPECTATIONS FOR TEACHER BEHAVIOR IN A VARIETY OF SETTINGS AND SOCIAL SITUATION BACKGROUNDS AND TO OBTAIN COGNITION FOR TEACHER TRAITS WITHOUT REGARD TO BACKGROUND. AN ADDITIONAL FORM BASED ON FIVE-POINT SCALES DEALT WITH TEACHER BEHAVIOR IN CONTEXT TO WHICH THE RESPONDENT GAVE HIS OWN EXPECTATIONS AND ATTRIBUTED SIMILAR COGNITIONS TO PEOPLE IN GENERAL, SCHOOL OFFICIALS, AND TEACHERS. NINETY-EIGHT TEACHERS AND 244 UNDERGRADUATE COLLEGE STUDENTS, HALF OF WHOM WERE EDUCATION MAJORS, WERE INTERVIEWED. THE DATA SUGGEST THAT BELIEFS RATHER THAN VALUES KEEP NONEDUCATION STUDENTS FROM CONSIDERING A TEACHING CAREER. IT IS IMPLIED THAT MORE STUDENTS MAY BE RECRUITED INTO EDUCATION THROUGH CAMPAIGNS OF INFORMATION AIMED AT CHANGING MISTAKEN BELIEFS ABOUT THE TEACHER ROLE. THE EXISTENCE OF SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TEACHERS AND EDUCATION STUDENTS IN ROLE ELEMENTS POINTS TO DIFFICULTIES STUDENTS WILL EXPERIENCE DURING A FIRST YEAR OF TEACHING AND EXPLAINS THE HIGH DROPOUT RATE DURING THE FIRST YEAR. THE PROGRAMS SHOULD COUNTER MISTAKEN OR IDEALISTIC CONCEPTS OF THE TEACHER ROLE. REFERENCES AND AN APPENDIX ARE INCLUDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., Columbia.
Identifiers: COLUMBIA