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ERIC Number: ED001897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 281
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EVALUATION ON INFANT AND PRESCHOOL MENTAL TESTS.
BALL, RACHELL S.; STOTT, LELAND H.
AN INVESTIGATION AND EVALUATION OF TOTAL INFANT AND PRESCHOOL MENTAL TESTING SITUATIONS AND SOME CONCLUSIONS AS TO THE CURRENT NEEDS IN THIS AREA ARE PRESENTED. THESE APPROACHES ARE MADE TO THE PROBLEM. FIRST, THE THEORETICAL THINKING ON THE NATURE OF INTELLIGENCE AND HOW IT DEVELOPS IN CHILDREN IS TRACED. THERE HAS BEEN DISAGREEMENT OVER THE NATURE OF INTELLIGENCE, WHETHER IT CONSISTS OF MANY SPECIFIC ABILITIES OR ONE GENERAL ABILITY. WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FACTOR-ANALYTIC METHODS, HOWEVER, GENERAL INTELLIGENCE WAS FOUND TO BREAK DOWN INTO MANY DIFFERENT BUT RELATED ABILITIES. AFTER A PERIOD OF CONTROVERSY OVER THE DETERMINANTS OF INTELLIGENCE, IT IS NOW ACCEPTED THAT INTELLIGENCE DEVELOPS THROUGH THE INTERACTION OF ORGANISM AND ENVIRONMENT, AND THAT INTELLIGENCE DEVELOPS IN A QUALITATIVE SENSE. THE SECOND APPROACH WAS A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY OF THE USES BEING MADE OF MENTAL TESTS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN. INFORMATION IS GIVEN ON THE FREQUENCY WITH WHICH EACH OF THE VARIOUS TESTS IS USED AND FOR WHAT PURPOSES. SPECIAL VALUES AS WELL AS INADEQUACIES WERE REPORTED FOR EACH OF THE WIDELY USED TESTS, AND MANY SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT WERE OFFERED. THE THIRD APPROACH WAS A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF AN ACCUMULATED MASS OF TEST RESULTS. THE FINDINGS INDICATE THAT, EVEN AS YOUNG AS 3 MONTHS, CHILDREN ARE CAPABLE OF "THINKING" PROCESSES. THERE IS GREAT VARIETY IN FACTOR CONTENT AMONG DIFFERENT TESTS AND FOR DIFFERENT AGE LEVELS. ALTHOUGH OTHER INADEQUACIES ARE DESCRIBED, THERE IS NO EVIDENCE THAT THE RESULTS OF THE INFANT TESTS SHOW LESS VALID DISCRIMINATION OF ABILITY THAN DO TESTS FOR OLDER AGE LEVELS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Merrill-Palmer Inst., Detroit, MI.
Identifiers: Michigan (Detroit)