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ERIC Number: ED001875
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 92
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE LANGUAGE OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN.
LOBAN, WALTER
THIS 7-YEAR LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF THE LANGUAGE SKILLS OF 338 OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, SCHOOL CHILDREN UTILIZES A SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF BOTH THE SEMANTIC AND STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE. A SPECIFIC METHOD OF LANGUAGE ANALYSIS HAS BEEN SHAPED. THE "SEGMENTATION" METHOD OF ANALYSIS USES SEVERAL TYPES OF SENTENCE SEGMENTS. A "PHONOLOGICAL UNIT" IS JUDGED BY THE CONTOURS OF INFLECTION, STRESS, AND PAUSE IN THE SUBJECT'S VOICE. A "COMMUNICATION UNIT" IS IDENTIFIED BY THE SEMANTIC MEANING WHICH IS BEING COMMUNICATED. THE "MAZE" IS A TANGLE OF LANGUAGE WHICH DOES NOT MAKE SEMANTIC SENSE. A WIDE RANGE OF LANGUAGE PHENOMENA CAN BE SILHOUETTED AND MEASURED AGAINST THIS SEGMENTATION GRID. COMMUNICATION ABILITIES INCREASE THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF WORDS IN THOSE UNITS. THE INCIDENCE OF MAZES AND NUMBER OF WORDS PER MAZE DECREASES IN CHILDREN WHO ARE RELATED AT THE KINDERGARTEN LEVEL. WHAT IS DONE TO ACHIEVE FLEXIBILITY WITHIN THE LANGUAGE PATTERN PROVES TO BE A BETTER MEASURE OF EFFECTIVENESS AND CONTROL OF LANGUAGE THAN SENTENCE PATTERN ITSELF AT THE EARLY AGES. THE MOST PROFICIENT CHILDREN ALSO MANIFEST THE HIGHEST DEGREE OF SENSITIVITY TO LANGUAGE CONVENTIONS, THAT IS AGREEMENT BETWEEN SUBJECT AND VERB. POSITIVE CORRELATIONS WERE FOUND BETWEEN GENERAL LANGUAGE ABILITY AND READING ABILITY, WRITING ABILITY AND SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION, VOCABULARY AND INTELLIGENCE (HIGHEST), AND HEALTH AND LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY. COMPETENCE IN SPOKEN LANGUAGE IS APPARENTLY BASIC FOR COMPETENCE IN READING AND WRITING.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council of Teachers of English, Champaign, IL.
Identifiers: California (Oakland); Illinois (Champaign)