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ERIC Number: ED001847
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 93
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE FOR UNDERACHIEVING FOURTH GRADE STUDENTS.
MUNGER, PAUL F.; AND OTHERS
IF THOSE STUDENTS CLASSIFIED AS UNDERACHIEVERS ARE TO RECEIVE MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THEIR EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE, EFFORTS MUST BE MADE TO IDENTIFY THEIR PROBLEMS AND AID THEM AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE SHOWS THAT MOST STUDIES CONCERNED WITH UNDERACHIEVERS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATED AT THE SECONDARY OR COLLEGE LEVEL. A GROUP OF UNDERACHIEVING FOURTH GRADERS, AS WELL AS NORMALLY ACHIEVING STUDENTS IN 11 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN GRAND FORKS, N.D., WAS STUDIED. INTELLIGENCE WAS MEASURED BY THE WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN. OTHER INSTRUMENTS USED INCLUDED THE CALIFORNIA TEST OF PERSONALITY AND GRONLUND'S SOCIOMETRIC TEST DESIGNED TO MEASURE PEER RELATIONSHIPS. STUDENTS WERE GIVEN GROUP COUNSELING BY SIX MALE GRADUATE STUDENTS WORKING TOWARD THEIR PH.D. DEGREES IN THAT FIELD. ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO STUDY THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PEER INTERACTION, SEX, PERSONALITY VARIABLES, TREATMENT CONDITIONS, IMPROVED GRADE POINT AVERAGE, AND UNDERACHIEVEMENT, AS WELL AS INTER-RELATIONSHIPS. THE TREATMENT CONSISTED OF INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP COUNSELING SESSIONS BASED ON A NONDIRECTIVE APPROACH WITH THE USE OF APPROPRIATE PLAY THERAPY TECHNIQUES AND READING INSTRUCTION. RESULTS WERE ANALYZED STATISTICALLY. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT--(1) ACHIEVERS TEND TO HAVE BETTER PEER RELATIONSHIPS AND PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT THAN DO UNDERACHIEVERS, REGARDLESS OF SEX, (2) MALES REACTED POSITIVELY TO GROUP COUNSELING WHILE FEMALES REACTED NEGATIVELY ON THE CRITERIA OF IMPROVEMENT IN GPA AND CERTAIN CTP SCALES, AND (3) UNDERACHIEVEMENT, HOWEVER, IS PREDOMINANTLY A MALE PROBLEM WITH THE RATIO OF MALES TO FEMALES GREATER THAN 3.1. SEVERAL LIMITATIONS WERE INHERENT IN THE STUDY WHICH COULD BE ALTERED IN FUTURE RESEARCH. THERE WERE TOO FEW COUNSELING SESSIONS, AND COUNSELING TECHNIQUES USED WERE DEVELOPED FOR SECONDARY AND COLLEGE LEVEL STUDENTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Dakota Univ., Grand Forks.
Identifiers: NORTH DAKOTA; North Dakota (Grand Forks)