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ERIC Number: ED001793
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jul
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIAL CLASS--EDUCATIONAL ATTITUDES AND PARTICIPATION.
CLOWARD, RICHARD A.; JONES, JAMES A.
THE PROBLEM OF POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF CHILDREN WAS PRESENTED. THERE WAS A DIRECT CORRELATION BETWEEN SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT. ONE CAUSE OF LOWER LEVELS OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG POOR YOUTH WAS THE FACT THAT THEY RECEIVED LESS INSTRUCTIONAL TIME. THEY HAD HIGHER ABSENCE RATES DUE TO POOR HEALTH CARE, MORE OF THE TEACHER'S TIME WAS TAKEN UP IN DISCIPLINE. A SECOND CAUSE WAS THE STRONG TENDENCY IN OUR SOCIETY TO MOTIVATE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT BY HOLDING THE PROMISE OF FUTURE OCCUPATIONAL REWARDS. DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN EDUCATION PERFORMANCE AND OCCUPATIONAL REWARDS WERE PERCEIVED BY LOW-INCOME AND MINORITY GROUPS. IF THE SCHOOL FAILED TO PRACTICE EQUALITY, IT COULD BE UNDERSTOOD AS CONTRIBUTING TO THE PROBLEM. THE LIMITED PROBLEM OF DIFFERENCES IN ATTITUDES TOWARD EDUCATION BY SOCIAL CLASS WAS EXAMINED ALSO. THE SAMPLE PARTICIPANTS WERE PREDOMINANTLY FROM TENEMENTS AND LOW-INCOME PUBLIC HOUSING. THE RESPONDENTS WERE QUESTIONED ABOUT ATTITUDES AND ACTIONS, AMONG WHICH WERE OCCUPATION, NUMBER OF SCHOOL YEARS COMPLETED, AND TOTAL FAMILY INCOME. RESULTS SHOWED THAT MEMBERS OF ALL CLASSES PERCEIVED THE CONNECTION BETWEEN EDUCATION AND SOCIAL MOBILITY. MIDDLE-CLASS PARENTS, WITH A MORE SECURE ECONOMIC POSITION, WERE LESS CONCERNED ABOUT PROVIDING ADEQUATE EDUCATION FOR THEIR CHILDREN, TOOK SUCH EDUCATION FOR GRANTED, AND WERE LESS LIKELY TO REPORT IT WHEN THINKING ABOUT A GOOD LIFE FOR THEIR CHILDREN. LOWER-CLASS PARENTS, ON THE OTHER HAND, PERCEIVED EDUCATION AS BEYOND THEIR FINANCIAL CAPACITY AND REACTED BY DE-EMPHASIZING EDUCATION WHEN THINKING ABOUT A GOOD LIFE FOR THEIR CHILDREN. FOR THE WORKING CLASS PARENTS, AN ADEQUATE EDUCATION WAS NEITHER ASSURED NOR BEYOND THE REALM OF POSSIBILITY. MIDDLE-CLASS PARENTS TENDED TO PERCEIVE EDUCATION AS AN END IN ITSELF. IN COMPARISONS OF CLASS CONCEPTIONS OF A GOOD LIFE FOR CHILDREN THEREFORE, EDUCATION WOULD BE MORE SALIENT FOR WORKING CLASS PARENTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. School of Social Work.
Identifiers: New York (New York)