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ERIC Number: ED001731
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTELLIGENCE AND LEARNING. (WORK CONFERENCE ON CURRICULUM AND TEACHING IN DEPRESSED URBAN AREAS, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, NEW YORK, JULY 1-12).
WHITEMAN, MARTIN
THREE PSYCHOLOGICAL DISCIPLINES OFFER APPROACHES TO AN UNDERSTANDING OF INTELLIGENCE. AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO UNCOVER THE COMMON FEATURES OF THE PSYCHOMETRIC SCHOOL, LEARNING, AND MENTAL DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES. A STRUCTURAL CONCEPT IS SELECTED FROM EACH PSYCHOLOGICAL DISCIPLINE FOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS--THE CONCEPT OF FACTOR FROM THE PSYCHOMETRIC APPROACH, LEARNING SET FROM HARLOW'S LEARNING APPROACH, AND SCHEMA OR OPERATION, FROM PIAGET'S DEVELOPMENTAL ORIENTATION. THE CONCEPTS ARE FOUND TO SHARE IN TWO BASIC CHARACTERISTICS--SITUATIONAL GENERALITY AND EMBODIMENT IN A HIERARCHICAL ORGANIZATION. AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO RELATE CONSISTENCY OF INTER-SITUATIONAL EXPERIENCE TO A CONSISTENCY IN INTER-SITUATIONAL PERFORMANCE. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT ALL APPROACHES INVOLVE COMPETENCE WITH RESPECT TO A CLASS OF DIVERSE SITUATIONS AND THAT IF THESE SITUATIONS FORM A CLASS, THEY MUST HAVE SOME FEATURES IN COMMON. INTELLIGENCE MUST MEAN SENSITIVITY TO THESE COMMON FEATURES AND SUCH SENSITIVITY COULD PROBABLY BE LEARNED THROUGH THE CONTINUAL LEARNING OF SUCH FEATURES PRESENTED IN DIVERSE SETTINGS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (New York)