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ERIC Number: ED001562
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Nov-20
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECT OF TUTORING ON PERFORMANCE AND MOTIVATION RATINGS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS.
WEITZMAN, DAVID L.
THIS TUTORING EXPERIMENT WAS CONDUCTED TO PROVIDE A PLACE OUTSIDE OF REGULAR SCHOOL HOURS WHERE STUDENTS COULD RECEIVE ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTION AND PRACTICE, AND TO CREATE AN EXPERIMENTAL SITUATION IN WHICH THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A TUTORING PROGRAM AT THE SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL COULD BE EVALUATED. TUTORING WAS DONE BY JUNIOR AND SENIOR STUDENTS FROM THE HIGH SCHOOL, AND PARTICIPATION IN THE PROGRAM WAS VOLUNTARY. TUTORING SECTIONS OF THREE TO FIVE STUDENTS MET TWICE WEEKLY. TUTORS WERE URGED TO EXPERIMENT WITH THEIR CHOICE OF TECHNIQUES. THOSE MOST FREQUENTLY USED INCLUDED EXERCISE AND DRILL, QUESTION-ANSWER, SPECIAL ASSIGNMENTS, ASSISTANCE WITH HOMEWORK, AND PROVIDING QUIET STUDY WITH ASSISTANCE WHEN NEEDED. CONTROL GROUPS WERE CAREFULLY MATCHED, AND FOUR HYPOTHESES WERE TESTED ON THE BASIS OF TEACHER RATINGS. THIS METHOD WAS CHOSEN OVER ADMINISTERING STANDARD TESTS, BECAUSE THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO MEASURE CLASSROOM PERFORMANCE, AND THE HYPOTHESES TO BE TESTED INCLUDED ATTRIBUTES SUCH AS MOTIVATION AND INTEREST. IN SPITE OF HAVING VOLUNTEERED FOR THE PROGRAM, PARTICIPATING STUDENTS WERE RATED AS HAVING LESS MOTIVATION THAN THOSE OF THE CONTROL GROUP. ON THE BASIS OF RATED PERFORMANCE, THE FIRST HYPOTHESIS (THAT TUTORED STUDENTS WILL SHOW GREATER IMPROVEMENT ON CLASSROOM EXAMIMATIONS AND QUIZZES THAN NONTUTORED STUDENTS) WAS REJECTED. THE REMAINING THREE WERE CONFIRMED. TUTORED STUDENTS SHOWED--(1) GREATER IMPROVEMENT ON REPORTS, ESSAYS, HOMEWORK EXERCISES, AND OTHER CLASSROOM ASSIGNMENTS, (2) INCREASED MOTIVATION AND INTEREST IN THE SUBJECT, AND (3) IMPROVEMENT IN STUDY HABITS WHEN COMPARED WITH NONTUTORED STUDENTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oakland Unified School District, CA.
Identifiers: California (Oakland)