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ERIC Number: ED001536
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SPECIAL PROBLEMS PRESENTED BY SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF OFFENDERS, MINORITY GROUPS, FEMALES, LOW-INCOME GROUPS.
CUNNINGHAM, GLORIA
THE IDEA OF A "BORN CRIMINAL" OR A CLASS OF CRIMINALS IS ERRONEOUS. SOME CITIZENS MAINTAIN THIS ATTITUDE AND THEREFORE LACK COMMUNITY CONCERN OR INVOLVEMENT, THEREBY REDUCING THE NUMBER OF RESOURCES AND COOPERATING COMMUNITY UNITS THAT A PROBATION OFFICER CAN DRAW ON. ANOTHER PROBLEM WITH RESOURCES IS THAT, EVEN WHERE THEY DO EXIST, THEY ARE OFTEN INEFFECTIVE IN HELPING THE VERY PEOPLE THEY HAVE BEEN SET UP TO SERVE, IN SPITE OF THEIR BASIC INTENTIONS, THEY DO NOT KNOW ENOUGH. PROBATION OFFICERS FAIL, TOO, BECAUSE OF IGNORANCE OF CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF BEHAVIOR. THE RATIO OF FEMALE CRIMES TO MALE CRIMES IS APPROXIMATELY 1 TO 8, HOWEVER, MANY FEMALE CRIMES GO UNDETECTED. BECAUSE OF THE SMALL NUMBER OF RECOGNIZED OFFENDERS THERE ARE VERY FEW ADEQUATE FACILITIES FOR FEMALE OFFENDERS. WOMEN ARE RAISED WITH THE OUTLOOK OF FINDING SUCCESS IN MATERIAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS. A WOMAN SHOULD NOT BE AGGRESSIVE BUT SHOULD BE ATTRACTIVE. THE COMMUNITY TREATS FEMALE OFFENDERS VERY SEVERELY FOR DEVIATIONS FROM THE SOCIAL NORM. COUNSELING THESE WOMEN PROBATIONERS REQUIRES A RECOGNITION OF THESE FACTS. MEN HAVE SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES IN COUNSELING THESE WOMEN AND UNDERSTANDING THEIR SEEMINGLY SEDUCTIVE ACTIONS. A WOMAN PROBATIONER SHOULD BE TREATED WITH A RESPECT AND DIGNITY THAT RECOGNIZES HER INHERENT VALUE AS A HUMAN BEING, OFTEN BEFORE SHE CAN ACCEPT IT HERSELF. JUVENILE DELINQUENTS SHOULD GENERALLY BE ASSIGNED TO MALE PROBATION OFFICERS TO ESTABLISH THE PATERNAL AUTHORITY THAT MOST HAVE NEVER KNOWN.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA. Law-Medicine Research Inst.
Identifiers: Massachusetts (Boston)