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ERIC Number: ED001473
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 234
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIAL CLASS BACKGROUND OF 8TH GRADE PUPILS, SOCIAL CLASS COMPOSITION OF THEIR SCHOOLS, THEIR ACADEMIC ASPIRATIONS AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT.
WALDO, LESLIE C.; WALLIN, PAUL
AN EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENCES AMONG EIGHTH GRADE BOYS AND GIRLS IN REGARD TO THEIR LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATION AND THEIR ADJUSTMENT IN THE SCHOOL SITUATION WAS PRESENTED. THE STUDENTS STUDIED ATTENDED SEVEN DIFFERENT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. FOUR OF THE SCHOOLS WERE PREDOMINANTLY COMPOSED OF CHILDREN FROM MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES, AND THREE, OF CHILDREN FROM WORKING-CLASS BACKGROUNDS. ONE SCHOOL WAS ALMOST ENTIRELY NEGRO. THE DATA WERE COLLECTED THROUGH TWO QUESTIONNAIRES. STANDARDIZATION OF CONDITIONS OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRES WAS STRESSED AND TEACHERS WERE GIVEN PRINTED INSTRUCTIONS WHICH THEY READ TO THEIR CLASSES. DATA WERE ALSO COLLECTED FROM SCHOOL RECORDS, INCLUDING CHILDREN'S SCORES ON A STANDARD ACHIEVEMENT OR INTELLIGENCE TEST, THEIR GRADES IN INDIVIDUAL SCHOOL SUBJECTS, THEIR ABSENCES FROM SCHOOL BECAUSE OF ILLNESS, THEIR VISITS TO SCHOOL NURSE, AND THEIR FATHERS' AND MOTHERS' OCCUPATIONS. RATINGS OF THE CHILDREN BY TEACHERS WERE ALSO OBTAINED. VARIABLES OF THE STUDY INCLUDED EDUCATIONAL GOALS, MOTIVATION TO GO TO COLLEGE, AND CERTAINTY OF GOING TO COLLEGE. CONCLUSIONS SHOWED THAT THE MOST IMPORTANT INFLUENCE LEADING YOUNG ADOLESCENTS TO ADOPT HIGH, OR LOW, LONG-TERM EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATIONS WAS CENTERED IN THE FAMILY, PARENTAL EDUCATIONAL GOALS AND ASPIRATIONS FOR THEIR CHILD SHAPE THEIR CHILD'S OWN ASPIRATIONS. RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE MODEL SOCIAL STATUS OR CLIMATE OF ASPIRATION OF THE SCHOOL HAD LITTLE, IF ANY, EFFECT IN MODIFYING THE LEVEL OF ASPIRATION CHILDREN ACQUIRED IN THE HOME. APPENDICES INCLUDED TABLES AND CALCULATIONS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Stanford)