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ERIC Number: ED001386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Jun
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RESEARCH SUMMARY NUMBER 1.
EIGEN, LEWIS D.; KOMOSKI, P. KENNETH
RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF MECHANICAL TEACHING MACHINES AND PROGRAMED TEXTBOOKS AS TEACHING DEVICES, AND THE EFFECT OF GRADE LEVEL ON LEARNING BY MEANS OF THESE AUTOMATED TEACHING METHODS WERE INVESTIGATED. THE EFFECTIVE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE MECHANICAL, WRITE-IN TEACHING MACHINE AND THE PROGRAMED TEXT IS THAT CHEATING IS LESS LIKELY TO OCCUR WITH THE MECHANICAL DEVICE. HOWEVER, RESEARCHERS HAVE HYPOTHESIZED THAT CHEATING, SHOULD IT OCCUR, DOES NOT AFFECT THE QUALITY OF LEARNING. SEVENTY-FOUR MALE SUBJECTS FROM COLLEGIATE SCHOOL IN NEW YORK, THE MAJORITY FROM MIDDLE AND UPPER MIDDLE CLASS BACKGROUNDS, WITH MEAN IQ OF THE GROUP 126.9, WERE CHOSEN FOR THE STUDY. NONE OF THE SUBJECTS HAD PREVIOUS EXPERIMENTAL HISTORY. THE PROGRAMS FOR THE MACHINES WERE ROLLED IN SECTIONS OF APPROXIMATELY 150 FRAMES. THE MACHINES WERE LOCATED IN A SPECIAL ROOM PROVIDED FOR THE PURPOSE IN A BUILDING ADJACENT TO THE COLLEGIATE SCHOOL, WITH EACH MACHINE PLACED ON AN INDIVIDUAL DESK. PROGRAMED TEXTBOOKS WERE MIMEOGRAPHED AND CONTAINED SEVEN LEVELS TO THE PAGE WITH QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON SEPARATE PAGES REQUIRING TWO TURNS PER FRAME. SUBJECTS WERE ASSEMBLED BY GRADE LEVELS AND WERE TOLD THAT THEY WOULD BEGIN LEARNING SOME MATHEMATICAL MATERIAL IN A NEW WAY. THEY WERE ASSURED THAT THE RESULTS OF THEIR WORK WOULD NOT AFFECT THEIR SCHOOL GRADES. CONCLUSIONS OF THE STUDY SHOW THAT LEARNING TAKES PLACE WITH EQUAL EFFICIENCY WHETHER AUTOMATED TEACHING SEQUENCE IS PRESENTED BY PROGRAMED TEXT OR MECHANICAL WRITE-IN MACHINE. THE MEAN TIME FOR THE MACHINE GROUP EXCEEDED THE MEAN TIME FOR THE PROGRAMED TEXT BY MORE THAN 37 MINUTES, LEADING TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THESE MECHANICAL DEVICES HINDERED THE EFFICIENCY OF LEARNING BY TAKING MORE OF THE STUDENT'S TIME. TABLES AND CHARTS ILLUSTRATE THE REPORT.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Collegiate School for Boys, New York, NY.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (New York)