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ERIC Number: ED001367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Jul
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TELEVISION IN EDUCATION AND TEACHING MACHINES.
JENSON, T.J.
TELEVISION HAS NEITHER ELIMINATED, REDUCED, NOR REPLACED MAN'S NEED AND USE OF BOOKS, BUT HAS MERELY INCREASED HIS APPETITE FOR KNOWLEDGE. LIBRARIANS, BOOK PUBLISHERS, MAGAZINE AND NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS ALL ATTEST TO INCREASED GROWTH AND USE OF PRINTED MATERIALS SINCE THE ADVENT OF ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION. EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION WAS SPURRED IN THE 1950'S BY ALLOCATION OF 250 CHANNELS FOR EDUCATIONAL USE AND BY FINANCIAL SUPPORT GIVEN FOR PIONEERING THE USE OF TV FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES BY PRIVATE AND FOUNDATION FUNDS. PROBLEMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION CAME WITH OPPOSITION BY COMMERCIAL STATIONS TO CHANNELS ALLOCATED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES, WITH ATTITUDES OF TEACHERS WHO LOOKED UPON IT AS A JOB THREAT, WITH TECHNICAL PROBLEMS OF TRANSMISSION, RECEPTION, TIMING AND SCHEDULING, AND COSTS. THE THREE LEVELS AT WHICH STUDENTS MAY TAKE PART IN ANY LEARNING EXPERIENCE ARE ACTION, REACTION, AND INTERACTION, AND TELEVISION PRESENTS THE POSSIBILITY BY MACHINE OF TALKING AND DEMONSTRATING A TEXTBOOK. AUTOMATION AND MACHINES ARE EFFECTIVE IN IMPROVING THE QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY OF LEARNING. SINCE MACHINES WILL PRODUCE ONLY WHAT IS PROGRAMED INTO THEM, THE FUTURE OF TEACHING MACHINES LIES IN INTELLIGENT PROGRAMING OF LEARNING MATERIALS, ADAPTABLE TO MACHINE PRESENTATION AND UTILIZATION. THE NEXT 25 YEARS, BARRING UNFORSEEN DETERRENTS, WILL SEE COMPLETE INTEGRATION OF MANY SUCCESSFUL TEACHING MACHINES IN THE EFFORT TO DISSEMINATE AND IMPROVE QUALITY INSTRUCTION.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: COLUMBUS; OHIO