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ERIC Number: ED001362
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Mar
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION OBSERVATION AND OF DIRECT OBSERVATION OF CHILDREN'S ART CLASSES FOR IMPLEMENTING ELEMENTARY TEACHERS' TRAINING IN ART EDUCATION.
SYKES, RONALD E.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO MEASURE THE EXTENT TO WHICH CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION OBSERVATIONS AND DIRECT OBSERVATIONS OF CHILDREN'S ART CLASSES CONTRIBUTE SIGNIFICANTLY TO THE ABILITY OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MAJORS TO DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN DESIRABLE AND UNDESIRABLE SOLUTIONS TYPICALLY OCCURRING IN TEACHING ART TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN. EIGHTY-EIGHT COLLEGE ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MAJORS PARTICIPATED IN THE STUDY AND WERE DIVIDED INTO THREE GROUPS--THE NONOBSERVATION CONTROL GROUP, THE DIRECT OBSERVATION EXPERIMENTAL GROUP, AND THE CCTV OBSERVATION EXPERIMENTAL GROUP. PRECEDING EACH OBSERVATION, THE STUDENTS RECEIVED "OBSERVATION LESSON INFORMATION" SHEETS AND AN "ART OBSERVATION NOTE-TAKING FORM." EACH OBSERVATION SESSION WAS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS--ORIENTATION, DEMONSTRATION, AND REVIEW. THE "ELEMENTARY ART SITUATIONAL PROBLEMS TEST, THE CRITERION MEASURE, WAS GIVEN AS A PRE-OBSERVATION AND POST-OBSERVATION TEST. AN EXAMINATION OF THE ADJUSTED MEAN SCORES OF THE TEST LED TO TWO CONCLUSIONS--(1) OBSERVATIONS OF CHILDREN'S ART CLASSES BY PROSPECTIVE ELEMENTARY TEACHERS DID CONTRIBUTE SIGNIFICANTLY TO THEIR ABILITY TO DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN DESIRABLE AND UNDESIRABLE SOLUTIONS TO SITUATIONS WHICH OCCUR WHEN TEACHING ELEMENTARY ART AND (2) THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WHAT DIRECT OBSERVATION OR CCTV OBSERVATIONS CONTRIBUTE TO DEVELOPING THIS ABILITY. THE EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY INDICATED--(1) OBSERVATIONS SHOULD BE CONDUCTED AS PART OF AN ART EDUCATION PROGRAM AND (2) IF A COLLEGE IS FACED WITH INCREASED ENROLLMENT PRESSURES, CCTV CAN PROVIDE AN EFFECTIVE MEANS FOR SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS BY MULTIPLE SECTIONS OF STUDENTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: ART OBSERVATION NOTE TAKING FORM; ELEMENTARY ART SITUATIONAL PROBLEMS TEST; OBSERVATION LESSON INFORMATION; PENNSYLVANIA