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ERIC Number: ED001311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Jul
Pages: 92
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH UNDERACHIEVEMENT AND OVERACHIEVEMENT OF INTELLECTUALLY GIFTED CHILDREN.
KARNES, MERLE; AND OTHERS
THE RELATIONSHIP OF CERTAIN VARIABLES WITH THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS OF SUPERIOR INTELLECTUAL ABILITY WAS PRESENTED. THE HYPOTHESIS USED WAS THAT HIGH ACHIEVING ACADEMICALLY GIFTED PUPILS COMPARED TO LOW ACHIEVING ACADEMICALLY GIFTED PUPILS RECEIVED THE BENEFIT OF MORE FAVORABLE PARENTAL ATTITUDES. THE PUPILS PERCEIVED THEMSELVES AS MORE ACCEPTED AND MORE INTRINSICALLY VALUED BY THEIR PARENTS, WERE MORE CREATIVE, MORE SOCIALLY MATURE, AND MORE REALISTIC IN THEIR SELF-CONCEPTS. PUPILS USED CAME FROM TWO LARGE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND WERE SCREENED BY THE 1937 STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE TEST. FORTY-ONE OVERACHIEVERS AND 41 UNDERACHIEVERS USED WERE DIFFERENTIATED BY GRADE ACHIEVEMENT. PARENTS' ATTITUDES WERE MEASURED BY THE PARENTAL ATTITUDE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT AND THE ATTITUDES OF PARENTS SCALE. PERCEIVED PARENT ATTITUDES WERE MEASURED BY THE PERCEIVED PARENT ATTITUDES SCALE. OTHER TESTS WERE CALIFORNIA TEST OF PERSONALITY, ROGERS TEST, AND GUILFORD TESTS. RESULTS OF THE INVESTIGATION SHOWED THAT PARENTS OF OVERACHIEVERS WERE LESS AUTHORITARIAN-CONTROLLING AND LESS HOSTILE-REJECTING. THE OVERACHIEVING PUPILS FELT MORE ACCEPTED AND INTRINSICALLY VALUED BY THEIR PARENTS, AS WELL AS FEELING MORE ACCEPTED BY THEIR PEERS. THESE PUPILS ALSO HAD A MORE REALISTIC SELF-CONCEPT. THEY WERE NO DIFFERENT FROM THE UNDERACHIEVERS IN SOCIAL MATURITY BUT THEY HAD A HIGHER DEGREE OF CREATIVITY. IMPLICATIONS OF FINDINGS FOR EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS WERE IN AREAS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND ORGANIZATIONAL PLANNING, METHODS, TEACHER, AND MATERIAL.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Champaign Community Unit School District 4, IL.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Champaign)