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ERIC Number: ED001304
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 118
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
"THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SPECIAL TRAINING WITH AUDIOVISUALS IN CHANGING ASPIRATIONS IN INTELLECTUALLY SUPERIOR STUDENTS". DRAFT OF FINAL REPORT.
DREWS, ELIZABETH M.
AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SPECIALLY PREPARED AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS FOR CHANGING THE ASPIRATIONS OF THE STUDENTS SELECTED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE STUDY. THE 243 SUBJECTS, CHOSEN ON THE BASIS OF THEIR HIGH READING COMPREHENSION SCORES ON THE CALIFORNIA READING TEST, ADVANCED FORM, WERE DIVIDED INTO EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS AT RANDOM. CONTROLS RECEIVED THE STANDARD GUIDANCE PROGRAM OFFERED IN THE LANSING, MICHIGAN, JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS WHILE THE EXPERIMENT GROUP VIEWED A SERIES OF SPECIALLY PREPARED MOVIES IN WHICH GIFTED COLLEGE STUDENTS DISCUSSED WAYS IN WHICH INTELLECTUAL AND CREATIVE ACTIVITIES HELD EXCITEMENT FOR THEM. THE FILM SERVED TO DEMONSTRATE HOW THEY POSED QUESTIONS AND ARRIVED AT ORIGINAL ANSWERS. THE DISCUSSION WAS AMPLIFIED IN LATER FILMS AND EACH OF THE EIGHT MODELS LATER APPEARED IN A DOCUMENTARY, A BIOGRAPHICAL STYLE-OF-LIFE FILM DESIGNED TO INTRODUCE THE STUDENTS NOT ONLY TO HIGH LEVEL TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL CAREERS, BUT ALSO TO THE GROWING EDGE OF KNOWLEDGE, TO THE CHANGING NATURE OF EACH CAREER AND TO TOPICS OF CRUCIAL INTEREST IN OUR TIMES. SPECIALLY PREPARED "TEXT-BOOKS" WERE PROVIDED ALONG WITH EXTENSIVE MAGAZINE AND NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS WHICH WERE RELEVANT TO AND CORRELATED WITH CLASS DISCUSSIONS. EXTENSIVE TESTING AND EVALUATION OF THE STUDENTS' SELF-IMAGE, GOALS AND ASPIRATIONS WERE PERFORMED BEFORE AND AFTER THE EXPERIMENT. IT WAS FOUND THAT THE EXPERIMENTAL GIRLS INCREASED THEIR ACCEPTANCE OF WOMEN WHO ADVANCE THEMSELVES AND ENTER HIGH LEVEL CAREERS AND ALSO INCREASED THEIR OWN EXPECTANCIES MORE THAN DID THE CONTROL GIRLS. THE BOYS FOLLOWED A SIMILAR TREND, BUT TO A LESSER DEGREE, THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP EXPECTED MORE MATURE, CREATIVE, AND HIGHLY EDUCATED WIVES. THE EXPERIMENT INCREASED THE SOCIAL CONCERN AND HUMANITARIANISM OF THE GIRLS, THROUGH APPARENTLY NOT THE BOYS. IN GENERAL THE GIRLS WERE MORE CONCERNED WITH SOCIAL PROBLEMS THAT WERE THE BOYS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing)