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ERIC Number: ED001293
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FOUR PROCESS GOALS OF EDUCATION.
HEATHERS, GLEN
IT IS HELD THAT THE ESSENCE OF EDUCATION IS FOUND PRIMARILY IN THE PROCESSES OF ACQUIRING AND USING KNOWLEDGE, AND SECONDARILY IN THE COMMAND OF BODIES OF INFORMATION AND IDEAS. THE FOUR "PROCESS GOALS" WHICH APPLY TO ANY DISCIPLINE ARE--TOOL SKILLS SUCH AS ARITHMETIC AND READING, PROBLEM-SOLVING, THINKING, OR INQUIRY, SELF-INSTRUCTION, AND SELF-EVALUATION USING THE CRITERION OF MASTERY. THESE PROCESSES ARE NOT NECESSARILY DISTINCT AND SHOULD BE PRESENT IN MOST EDUCATIONAL TASKS. UNFORTUNATELY, NOT ONE OF THESE GOALS IS BEING ACHIEVED SATISFACTORILY BY THE MAJORITY OF STUDENTS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, HIGH SCHOOL, OR COLLEGE. THIS IS CITED AS THE MAIN REASON FOR THE INCREASED POPULARITY OF TEACHING MACHINES IN WHICH STUDENTS ARE NOT REQUIRED TO GO THROUGH A THINKING PROCESS BUT ARE PROVIDED WITH ALL OF THE BASIC INFORMATION AT THEIR FINGERTIPS. TEACHERS ARE BLAMED FOR THE FAILURES OF THEIR STUDENTS TO ATTAIN THESE BASIC GOALS BECAUSE SUCH GOALS ARE NO LONGER BEING EMPHASIZED ADEQUATELY. QUESTIONS ARE RAISED RELATIVE TO THE DESIRABILITY OR THE POSSIBILITY OF INCLUDING THESE PROCESS GOALS IN THE PROGRAMING METHODS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION. IT IS POINTED OUT THAT THE MOST VITAL PART OF A PROGRAM TO RESTORE TO AMERICAN EDUCATION THE LEARNING OF THESE "PROCESS GOALS IS FIRST TO EDUCATE THE TEACHERS TO THEIR IMPORTANCE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AND ENCOURAGE THEIR INCLUSION IN CURRICULA."
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A