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ERIC Number: ED001274
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 99
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF PRACTICE AND EVALUATION ON IMPROVEMENT IN WRITTEN COMPOSITION.
ALLEN, ELIOT D.; SUTTON, JOSEPH T.
THE PROBLEM OF TEACHING WRITTEN COMPOSITION HAS SEVERAL FACETS. WRITING AND READING THEMES ARE TIME-CONSUMING AND COSTLY ACTIVITIES. INCREASING ENROLLMENT IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES AGGRAVATE THESE DIFFICULTIES. CONTROLLED RESEARCH HAS NOT DEMONSTRATED THAT PRACTICE IN WRITING OR CAREFUL GRADING OF THEMES CONTRIBUTES SIGNIFICANTLY TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF STUDENT WRITING. MOST TEACHERS, NEVERTHELESS, FEEL THAT STUDENTS SHOULD WRITE MORE AND THAT THEIR PAPERS DESERVE AND REQUIRE CAREFUL ATTENTION. THE EXPERIMENT DISCUSSED IN THIS RESEARCH REPORT UNDERTOOK TO TEST THREE HYPOTHESES. THE FIRST HYPOTHESIS WAS THAT WRITING PRACTICE FOLLOWED BY EVALUATION IS SIGNIFICANTLY MORE EFFECTIVE IN IMPROVING THE WRITING ABILITY OF COLLEGE STUDENTS THAN NO WRITING PRACTICE (AND CONSEQUENTLY NO EVALUATION). SECOND, EVALUATION BY PEERS IS AS EFFECTIVE AS EVALUATION BY TEACHERS IN INFLUENCING THE IMPROVEMENT OF STUDENT COMPOSITIONS. THE FINAL HYPOTHESIS WAS THAT DIRECT PRACTICE IN THE EVALUATION OF PAPERS WRITTEN BY PEERS WILL RESULT IN SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER IMPROVEMENT IN COMPOSITION THAN WILL PRACTICE IN WRITING FOR EVALUATION BY OTHERS. TO TEST THE THREE HYPOTHESES, TWO TYPES OF DATA WERE OBTAINED--SCORES FROM OBJECTIVE TESTS AND EVALUATIONS OF WRITTEN COMPOSITIONS. A DETAILED EXPLANATION OF THE PROCEDURES FOLLOWED IN THIS EXPERIMENT. THE COMPILED DATA, AND THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY ARE PRESENTED. IN ADDITION TO THE THREE MAJOR HYPOTHESES, SEVERAL AREAS OF RELATED RESEARCH ARE COVERED. THE RELATED AREAS INCLUDE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FREQUENCY OF WRITING AND IMPROVEMENT IN WRITING, DIFFICULTIES AND INADEQUACIES IN THE EVALUATION OF WRITTEN COMPOSITION, AND THE EFFECT UPON WRITING ABILITY OF EVALUATION BY OR OF PEERS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stetson Univ., DeLand, FL.
Identifiers: FLORIDA; Florida (De Land)