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ERIC Number: ED001261
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 268
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE LANGUAGE OF THE CLASSROOM, MEANINGS COMMUNICATED IN HIGH SCHOOL TEACHING. PART TWO.
BELLACK, ARNO A.; AND OTHERS
ANALYSIS OF VERBAL CLASSROOM ACTIVITY WAS MADE IN HIGH SCHOOL CLASSES. TECHNIQUES FOR RECODING, CODING AND ANALYZING ACTIVITY WERE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL IN PHASE ONE. IT WAS FOUND THAT DESPITE THE LACK OF SPECIFIED RULES AND DESPITE INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN TEACHING PHILOSOPHIES OF TEACHERS, AND ALTHOUGH CLASSES DIFFER SOMEWHAT IN DETAILS, COMMON ELEMENTS UNDERLIE MUCH OF THE TEACHING GAME, IN THAT PUPILS AND TEACHERS FOLLOW A SET OF IMPLICIT RULES WITH FEW DEVIATIONS. THE BASIC VERBAL MANEUVERS THAT THE TEACHER AND THE PUPIL MAKE IN PLAYING THE GAME ARE PEDAGOGICAL MOVES--STRUCTURING AND SOLICITING, WHICH ARE INITIATORY MOVES, AND RESPONDING AND REACTING, WHICH ARE REFLEXIVE MOVES. SOLICITING, RESPONDING, AND REACTING EACH ACCOUNT FOR SLIGHTLY LESS THAN ONE THIRD OF THE MOVES IN A GIVEN CLASSROOM AND STRUCTURING ACCOUNTS FOR THE REMAINING SMALL FRACTION OF MOVES. THE TEACHER IS THE MOST ACTIVE PLAYER IN THE GAME AND DISCUSSION TAKES PLACE WITHIN THE SUBSTANTIVE FRAMEWORK OF THE TEACHER'S STRUCTURING. PLAYERS GENERALLY USE THE EMPIRICAL MODE OF THOUGHT (FACT STATING AND EXPLAINING) RATHER THAN THE ANALYTIC MODE (DEFINING TERMS AND INTERPRETING STATEMENTS) IN DEALING WITH THE SUBSTANTIVE MATERIAL UNDER DISCUSSION. THE FREQUENCY OF EVALUATIVE STATEMENTS (OPINIONING AND JUSTIFYING) IS ALSO RELATIVELY LOW. AS THE CHIEF SOLICITOR, THE TEACHER NORMALLY ATTEMPTS TO KEEP THE GAME IN FOCUS BY USING THREE TYPES OF MOVES--SUBSTANTIVE TASK/EXPLAINING/CONSTRUCTION, SUBSTANTIVE TASK/FACT-STATING/ CONSTRUCTION, AND INSTRUCTIONAL TASK/PERFORM ORAL/ CONSTRUCTING. HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS HAVE FOUND THE "TEACHER SOLICITING- PUPIL RESPONDING- TEACHER REACTING" PATTERN OF INSTRUCTION TO BE THE MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD OF INSTRUCTION.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (New York)