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ERIC Number: ED001159
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
UNDERSTANDING TESTING--PURPOSE AND INTERPRETATIONS FOR PUPIL DEVELOPMENT.
MCLAUGHLIN, KENNETH
THESE ARTICLES ARE WRITTEN TO GIVEN ESSENTIAL FACTS ON TESTING TO INTERESTED CITIZENS. THE IMPORTANCE OF TESTING LIES IN ITS VALUE AS A GUIDANCE TOOL. TESTS REPRESENT ONLY A SAMPLING OF A PERSON'S PERFORMANCE FROM WHICH GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ARE INFERRED. THERE ARE NUMEROUS TYPES OF TESTS DESIGNED FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES, MEASUREMENT IN SOME IS INDIRECT. CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH TESTS ARE TAKEN INFLUENCE RESULTS, AND ACCURACY OF INTERPRETATION DETERMINES THEIR USEFULNESS. TEST CONSTRUCTION DEMANDS USING ADVICE OF SPECIALISTS, DEVELOPING ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES, AND DEVELOPING NORMS FOR INTERPRETATION. CLASSIFICATION OF TESTS IS GIVEN ON THE BASIS OF TESTING PROCEDURES AND PURPOSES. LARGE SCALE TESTING PROGRAMS ARE DESCRIBED. TESTS ARE USED FOR IDENTIFICATION OF ABILITY LEVEL AND FOR SELECTION FOR COLLEGES AND JOBS. GROUP CLASSIFICATION WITHIN SCHOOLS AND EVALUATION OF TEACHING ARE AIDED BY TESTS. THEY SUPPLY DATA FOR EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL PLANNING AND ASSIST COUNSELING. CAUTION IS NEEDED IN INTERPRETING AND REPORTING OF TEST RESULTS. THE CUMULATIVE RECORD SERVES AS THE FOUNDATION OF THE GUIDANCE PROGRAM. IT IS A DEPOSITORY OF OBJECTIVE INFORMATION. ITS STANDARDS AND USES ARE EVALUATED. PROGRAMS OF TESTING ARE IMPORTANT TO GUIDANCE PROGRAMS, CURRENT PROGRAMS ARE DESCRIBED, BUT EACH SCHOOL'S PROGRAM SHOULD BE TAILORED TO MEET PARTICULAR NEEDS. THE SCHOOL STAFF, IN ITS ADMINISTRATION OF THE TESTING PROGRAM, DETERMINES ITS USEFULNESS. TECHNIQUES FOR SELECTION OF TESTS AND UTILIZATION OF RESULTS ARE SUGGESTED. DEFINITIONS OF COMMON MEASUREMENT TERMS FOLLOW THE ARTICLES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA