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ERIC Number: ED001146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
GUIDANCE, COUNSELING, AND TESTING. PROGRAM EVALUATION.
TWILFORD, DON D.; WELLMAN, FRANK E.
SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR THE REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF GUIDANCE PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE V-A OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT ARE PRESENTED. ALTHOUGH GENERAL GOALS ARE AGREED ON, THERE ARE VARIATIONS IN SPECIFIC PROCEDURES, TECHNIQUES, AND PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS. THEIR VALUE IS AT PRESENT HYPOTHETICAL. DEMANDED IS A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE GUIDANCE PROGRAM. MANY PROBLEMS MAKE EVALUATION DIFFICULT. TERMINOLOGY IS NOT UNIFORM. THERE ARE MANY FACTORS OUTSIDE THE PROGRAM WHICH INFLUENCE THE BEHAVIOR AND DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS, AND MANY VARIABLES IN THE EVALUATIVE PROCESS ARE DIFFICULT TO QUANTIFY. SUGGESTIONS IN METHODOLOGY ARE GIVEN TO MAKE THE EVALUATION AS SCIENTIFIC AS POSSIBLE. SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING THE EXTENT TO WHICH PROGRAM OBJECTIVES HAVE BEEN ACHIEVED SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED. TECHNIQUES FOR COLLECTION OF DATA SHOULD BE DEVELOPED, AND CONCLUSIONS FROM THEM SHOULD BE CAREFULLY DRAWN. AT LEAST TWO KINDS OF STUDIES SHOULD BE CONDUCTED, THOSE OF PROGRAMS AND OF STUDENTS. THREE APPROACHES ARE DESCRIBED--THE APPRAISAL APPROACH, THE ASSESSMENT APPROACH, AND THE EVALUATIVE APPROACH. SUGGESTIONS FOR THE EVALUATION OF BOTH STATE AND LOCAL LEVEL PROGRAMS OF GUIDANCE, COUNSELING, AND TESTING ARE GIVEN. INCLUDED ARE SPECIFIC PROGRAM OBJECTIVES AND SUGGESTIONS FOR COLLECTING PERTINENT DATA. METHODS ARE ALSO GIVEN FOR STUDIES OF STUDENTS. THE NEED FOR CONTINUED RESEARCH IN EVALUATION IS EMPHASIZED. LOCAL, STATE, AND NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES IN THIS EFFORT ARE DESCRIBED. THE APPENDIX INCLUDES A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA