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ERIC Number: ED001117
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Apr
Pages: 131
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BECAUSE IT IS RIGHT EDUCATIONALLY, PARTS 1 AND 2.
ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RACIAL INBALANCE AND EDUCATION
THE OFFICIAL TASK OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RACIAL IMBALANCE WAS TO DETERMINE IF RACIAL IMBALANCE EXISTS, IF IT EXISTS, TO DETERMINE IF RACIAL IMBALANCE IS EDUCATIONALLY HARMFUL, AND IF HARMFUL, TO RECOMMEND WAYS OF ELIMINATING IT. IN ANSWER TO THE FIRST ASPECT OF THIS COMMITTEE CHARGE, A SCHOOL CENSUS IN MARCH, 1964 REVEALED THAT RACIAL IMBALANCE, OR A RATIO BETWEEN NEGRO AND OTHER STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS WHICH IS SHARPLY OUT OF BALANCE WITH THE RACIAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOCIETY IN WHICH NEGRO CHILDREN STUDY AND SERVE, DID EXIST IN MASSACHUSETTS SCHOOLS. THE CENSUS SHOWED CLEARLY THAT NEGRO CHILDREN IN MASSACHUSETTS ATTEND PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO SCHOOLS WHILE THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF WHITE CHILDREN ATTEND SCHOOLS THAT ARE EITHER ALL WHITE OR HAVE FEWER THAN FIVE NONWHITE STUDENTS. CONCLUSIONS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ALSO STATED THAT RACIAL IMBALANCE REPRESENTS A SERIOUS CONFLICT WITH THE AMERICAN CREED OF EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND IS DETRIMENTAL TO SOUND EDUCATION IN SEVERAL WAYS. FIRST, RACIAL SEGREGATION HAS A POWERFUL AND INJURIOUS IMPACT ON THE SELF-IMAGE, CONFIDENCE, MOTIVATION, AND SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT OF NEGRO CHILDREN. SECONDLY, SEPARATING IS HARMFUL TO ALL CHILDREN, WHITE AND NONWHITE BECAUSE IT BREEDS IGNORANCE, FEAR, AND PREJUDICE. THIRDLY, IT OFTEN PRODUCES INFERIOR EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES IN PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO SCHOOLS. IT ALSO PRESENTS AN INACCURATE PICTURE OF LIFE TO BOTH WHITE AND NEGRO CHILDREN AND PREPARES THEM INADEQUATELY FOR MULTI-RACIAL WORLD. FINALLY, SEGREGATED SCHOOLS IMPAIR THE OPPORTUNITIES OF MANY NEGRO CHILDREN TO PREPARE FOR PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF OUR TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY. SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS OF ELIMINATING RACIAL IMBALANCE IN FIVE MASSACHUSETTS CITIES ARE OUTLINED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston.
Identifiers: MASSACHUSETTS; Massachusetts (Boston)