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ERIC Number: ED001038
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-May
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE GREAT CITIES SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM. NEW DIRECTIONS FOR THE SCHOOL IN A CHANGING NEIGHBORHOOD. (NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL WELFARE, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, MAY 15, 1961.)
SALTZMAN, HENRY
IT IS HELD THAT THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS ARE ONE OF THE MOST STRATEGICALLY PLACED STAGING AREAS FROM WHICH TO MOUNT VIGOROUS, COMPREHENSIVE AND PREVENTIVE PROGRAMS TO ACHIEVE THE MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMAN POTENTIAL LYING UNCHALLENGED IN URBAN SLUM AND DEPRESSED AREAS. STRONG CRITICISM HAS BEEN DIRECTED TOWARD SCHOOLS FOR NEGLECTING THEIR JOB OF TRAINING THE MIND. IN ANSWER TO SUCH CRITICISM IT IS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND THE TWO TYPES OF SCHOOLS FOUND IN CITIES. ONE TYPE, THE "STEADY SCHOOLS," IS ATTENDED BY CHILDREN WHO ARE STEADILY IMPROVING AND ARE STEADILY SUPPORTED BY MIDDLE CLASS PARENTS. FOR THESE SCHOOLS LEARNING IS THE MAJOR TASK. THE SECOND TYPE IS ATTENDED BY A LARGE NUMBER OF STUDENTS CHARACTERIZED BY PERFORMANCE BELOW GRADE LEVEL, SERIOUS CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS, HIGH RATES OF PUPIL TRANSFERS, POOR MOTIVATION, AND HIGH DROUPOUT RATE. PARENTS OF STUDENTS IN THE SECOND TYPE OF SCHOOL USUALLY HAVE A LOW SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS, AND THERE ARE LARGE NUMBERS OF BROKEN HOMES. IN PLANNING FOR THESE SCHOOLS MANY FACTORS BESIDES ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT MUST BE CONSIDERED. NEW DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT IN URBAN SLUM SCHOOLS INCLUDE--DEVELOPMENT OF CURRICULA AND TEACHING TECHNIQUES TO FOSTER LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT, FLEXIBLE SCHOOL PROGRAMMING TO ALLOW FOR IN-SERVICE TRAINING, DEVELOPMENT OF MORE SUITABLE READING MATERIALS, THE EXPANSION OF CLINICAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR FUTURE TEACHERS, AND DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING INSTITUTIONS FOR PREPARING URBAN SCHOOL TEACHERS. AN IMPORTANT FACET OF IMPROVED URBAN PROGRAMS IS THE ACTIVE PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN THE SCHOOL AND OTHER PUBLIC AND PRIVATE AGENCIES INVOLVED IN RENDERING SERVICES TO THE COMMUNITY. COMMUNITY SCHOOLS, OPERATING SEVEN DAYS A WEEK FOR USE BY SOCIAL AGENCIES, HEALTH AGENCIES, AND INTERESTED CITIZENS, ARE THE RESULT OF SUCH PARTNERSHIPS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: GREAT CITIES PROGRAM; PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)