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ERIC Number: ED001034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Nov-1
Pages: 2
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INDICATIONS OF GROWTH.
TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE GREAT CITIES SCHOOL PROGRAM IN PHILADELPHIA, A PROGRAM DESIGNED TO REDUCE THE EFFECTS OF EXPERIMENTAL DEPRIVATION AMONG CHILDREN OF LIMITED BACKGROUNDS, FOUR TYPES OF EVALUATIVE CRITERIA WERE USED IN THIS STUDY AND ARE REPORTED AS FOLLOWS--(1) STANDARDIZED TESTING--THE RESULTS AFTER 2 YEARS WERE COMPARED WITH NORMALLY EXPECTED GROWTH OF STUDENTS OF THIS TYPE. SCORES IN READING, SPELLING, ARITHMETIC FUNDAMENTALS AND ARITHMETIC PROBLEMS WERE COMPARED IN 21 INSTANCES. SOME SUPERIORITY OF GAIN WAS FOUND. THE SLIGHT INCREASE WAS TAKEN AS A POSITIVE SIGN FOR THE PROGRAM, (2) NONSTANDARDIZED TESTING IN THE FIELD OF READING SHOWED A GROWTH OF 1.15 OVER NORMAL, (3) TEACHER JUDGMENTS BASED ON APPRAISAL OF DAILY WORK AND TESTING INDICATED DEFINITE GROWTH AND IMPROVEMENT IN STUDENT ATTITUDE AND COMPETITION, (4) QUESTIONNAIRES WERE GIVEN TO PUPILS AND PARENTS AS WELL AS TO TEACHERS. ALL SCHOOLS REPORTED INCREASE IN PUPIL INTEREST, BETTER BEHAVIOR, BETTER WORK HABITS, AND IMPROVED ATTITUDES IN PEER RELATIONSHIPS, SELF-IMAGE, AND ASPIRATIONAL LEVELS. PARENT COOPERATION, PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY AND PARENT COMMITMENT TO THE PROJECT HAVE BEEN INCREASED THROUGH EFFORTS OF VOLUNTEER SCHOOL-COMMUNITY COORDINATORS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: GREAT CITIES PROGRAM; PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)